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IFLA Universal Bibliographic Control and International MARC Core Programme (UBCIM)

UNIMARC Manual : Bibliographic Format 1994

8-- International Use Block

Definition and Scope of Fields

This block contains internationally agreed fields that do not fit in the preceding blocks, 0-- to 7--. The following fields are defined:

801 Originating Source
802 ISSN Centre
830 General Cataloguer's note
856 Electronic Location and Access
886 Data not Converted from Source Format

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Field Definition

This field contains an indication of the origin of the record, including one of the following: the agency that created the data, the agency that transcribed the data into machine-readable form, any agency that has modified the original record/data, and the agency issuing the present record.


Mandatory. Repeatable for each agency function reported.


Indicator 1: blank (not defined)
Indicator 2: Function Indicator

This indicator specifies the function of the agency named in the $b subfield.

0 Original Cataloguing Agency
The agency that prepared the data in the record.

1 Transcribing Agency
The agency that converted the data into machine-readable form.

2 Modifying Agency
The agency that has modified either the intellectual content or record structure of the record.

3 Issuing Agency
The agency that issued the record.


$a Country
The country of the issuing agency in two-character coded form. See Appendix B for details. Not repeatable.

$b Agency
Since there are no internationally accepted codes, the codes from USMARC Code List for Organisations are recommended. Otherwise, the full name of the agency or a national code may be used. Not repeatable.

$c Date of Transaction
This subfield is used when possible to indicate when a modification was made or a record was issued. The data should be recorded according to ISO 8601-1989 in all-numeric form without separators between year, month, and day, i.e. YYYYMMDD. Not repeatable.

$g Cataloguing Rules (Descriptive Conventions)
This subfield contains an abbreviation for the cataloguing code used for bibliographic description and access. See Appendix H for codes. It should be used only when the second indicator value is 0 (original cataloguing agency) or 2 (modifying agency). Optional, repeatable (EX 3).

$2 System Code
The name of the format used for the machine-readable record. See Appendix H for codes. Optional, not repeatable (EX 5).

Notes on Field Contents

In many cases the same agency will have carried out some or all indicated functions; however, the field should be repeated only when there are changes to transaction dates, cataloguing rules or formats; where there are no changes only the earliest occurrence of the field should be included.

Related Fields

RECORD LABEL character position 18

100 GENERAL PROCESSING DATA, Date Entered on File (character positions 0-7)
The date in Field 100 may be the same as the transcription date but it should be repeated in field 801.


EX 1
801 #0$aUS$bDLC$c19590000$gAACR1
801 #l$aUS$bMH$c19790506
801 #2$aUS$bMH$c19790506$gAACR2
801 #3$aUS$bDLC$c19790912

The item was originally catalogued by the Library of Congress in 1959. In 1979, Harvard University modified the data and transcribed it into machine-readable form. This record was then issued by the Library of Congress. The codes from USMARC Code List for Organisations have been used to identify the Library of Congress and Harvard University.

EX 2
801 #0$aUS$bDLC$c19860116$gAACR2
A record catalogued according to the second edition of the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules by the Library of Congress.

EX 3
801 #0$aUS$bDLC$c19830406$gAACR2$gBDRB
A record catalogued by the Library of Congress according to AACR2 and Bibliographic Description of Rare Books (Washington : Library of Congress, 1981).

EX 4
801 #0$aFR$bF$c19851020$gAFNOR
A record catalogued according to the Normes de catalogage publiées par l'Association française de normalisation by the Bibliothèque nationale.

EX 5
801 #0$aDE$bGyFmDB$c19860423$gRAK$2mab
801 #2$aUS$bDLC$c19860503$gAACR2

A record catalogued according to the Regeln für die Alphabetische Katalogisierung (RAK) by the Deutsche Bibliothek, and modified to the AACR2 form by the Library of Congress. The record was converted into UNIMARC from the Maschinelles Austauschformat für Bibliotheken format.

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Field Definition

This field contains a code for the ISSN Centre responsible for assigning the ISSN and key-title.


Not repeatable.


Indicator 1: blank (not defined)
Indicator 2: blank (not defined)


$a ISSN Centre Code
Each centre has been assigned a code by the ISSN International Centre. The ISSN Centre code consists of one or two alphanumeric characters. These are listed in Appendix C of the ISDS manual. Not repeatable.

Notes on Field Contents

The field contains two characters. For centres assigned a one-character code, the first character is zero (EX 1, 2).

Related Fields

These fields contain the ISSN and key title assigned by the ISSN Centre.


EX 1
802 ##$a03
The ISSN Centre is Australia.

EX 2
802 ##$a05
The ISSN Regional Centre for CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Aid) in Moscow assigned the ISSN and key title.

EX 3
802 ##$a58
The ISSN Centre is the Vsesojuznaja Knijnaja Palata in Moscow.

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Field Definition

This field is used to record biographical, historical, or other information about the record.


Optional. Repeatable.


Indicator 1: blank (not defined)
Indicator 2: blank (not defined)


$a Text of note. Not repeatable.

Notes on Field Contents

This field may include cataloguers' working notes on sources of information, questionable data, references to specific rules applied, notes justifying the choice of particular data, etc.

Related Fields



EX 1
830 ##$aWill need to be amended once last volume arrives

EX 2
200 1#$aCatalogue des livres qui se trouvent en nombre chez Herissant fils, libraire, à Paris, rue S. Jacques, 1769
830 ##$aJean-Thomas II Hérissant est actif en même temps que son père, Jean-Thomas I Hérissant, de 1763 à 1772
830 ##$aCe catalogue ne diffère de celui figurant sous la cote BNF [Q8990 que par le format (in-8)

EX 3
200 1#$aThomae à Kempis, canonici regularis ordinis S. Augustini, De Imitatione Christi libri quatuor
300 ##$aVersion non identifiée, avec références bibliques en marge
830 ##$aAbsent de Audenaert et de Backer

The general cataloguer's note is used to indicate consulted bibliographies in which no citation of the described edition was found.

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Field Definition

This field contains the information required to locate an electronic item. The information identifies the electronic location containing the item or from which it is available. It also contains information to retrieve the item by the access method identified in the first indicator position. The information contained in this field is sufficient to allow for the electronic transfer of a file, subscription to an electronic journal, or logon to an electronic resource. In some cases, only unique data elements are recorded which allow the user to access a locator table on a remote host containing the remaining information needed to access the item.

It can be used to generate the ISBD(ER) Notes relating to mode of access.


Optional. Repeatable when the location data elements vary (subfields $a, $b, $d) and when more than one access method may be used. It is also repeatable whenever the electronic filename varies (subfield $f), except when a single intellectual item is divided into different parts for online storage or retrieval.


Indicator 1: Access Method
# No information provided
0 Email
2 Remote login (Telnet)
3 Dial-up
7 Method specified in subfield $y
Indicator 2: Blank (not defined)


$a Host name

$b Access number
The access number associated with a host. It can contain the Internet Protocol (IP) numeric address if the item is an Internet resource, or a telephone number if dial-up access is provided through a telephone line. This data may change frequently and may be generated by the system, rather than statically stored. Subfield $b may be repeated if all the other information in the field applies. A telephone number is recorded as follows: [country code]-[area code]-[telephone number]. Example: 49-69-15251140 (a number in Frankfurt, Germany); 1-202-7076237 (a number in the U.S., Washington, D.C.). If an extension is applicable, include it after the telephone number preceded by "x". Example: 1-703-3589800x515 (telephone number with extension). Repeatable.

$c Compression information

$d Path

$e Date and Hour of Consultation and Access
The time, in the form YYYYMMDDHHMM, at which the electronic item was last accessed. Not repeatable.

$f Electronic name
The electronic name of a file as it exists in the directory/sub-directory indicated in subfield $d on the host identified in subfield $a. Subfield $f may be repeated if a single logical file has been divided into parts and stored under different names. In this case, the separate parts should constitute a single bibliographic item. In all other cases, a file that may be retrieved under different filenames contains multiple occurrences of field 856, each with it corresponding electronic name in subfield $f. A filename may include wildcard characters (e.g., "*" or "?") if applicable, with a note in subfield $z explaining how files are named. NOTE: Filenames may be case sensitive for some systems.
This subfield may also contain the name of the electronic publication or conference. Repeatable.

$g Uniform Resource Name
The URN, which provides a globally unique location independent identifier. Repeatable.

$h Processor of request
The username, or processor of the request; generally the data which precedes the at sign ("@") in the host address. Not repeatable.

$i Instruction
An instruction or command needed for the remote host to process a request. Repeatable.

$j Bits per second
The lowest and highest number of bits (binary units) of data that can be transmitted per second when connected to a host. The syntax for recording the number of bits per second (BPS) should be: [Lowest BPS]-[Highest BPS]. If only lowest given:[Lowest BPS]-. If only highest given: -[Highest BPS]. Not repeatable.

$k Password
Used to record general-use passwords, and should not contain passwords requiring security. Not repeatable.

$l Logon/login
General-use logon/login strings which do not require special security. Not repeatable.

$m Contact for access assistance

$n Name of location of host in subfield $a
Not repeatable.

$o Operating system
For information, the operating system used by the host specified in subfield $a is indicated in this subfield. Not repeatable.

$p Port
The portion of the address that identifies a process or service in the host. Not repeatable.

$q Electronic Format Type
Contains an identification of the electronic format type, which determines how data are transferred through a network. Usually, a text file can be transferred as character data which generally restricts the text to characters in the ASCII (American National Standard Code for Information Interchange) character set (i.e., the basic Latin alphabet, digits 0-9, a few special characters, and most punctuation marks). Text files with characters outside of the ASCII set, or non-textual data (e.g., computer programs, image data) must be transferred using another file transfer mode, usually binary mode. Electronic format type may be taken from lists such as registered Intenet Media types (MIME types) . Not repeatable.

$r Settings
The settings used for transferring data. Included in settings are: 1) Number Data Bits (the number of bits per character); 2) Number Stop Bits (the number of bits to signal the end of a byte); and 3) Parity (the parity checking technique used). The syntax of these elements is:
[Parity]-[Number of Data Bits]-[Number of Stop Bits]. If only the parity is given, the other elements of settings and their related hyphens are omitted (i.e., [Parity]). If one of the other two elements is given, the hyphen for the missing element is recorded in its proper position (i.e., [Parity]--[Number of Stop Bits] or [Parity]-[Number of Data Bits]-). The values for parity are: O (Odd), E (Even), N (None), S (Space), and M (Mark). Not repeatable.

$s File size
The size of the file as stored under the filename indicated in subfield $f. It is generally expressed in terms of 8-bit bytes (octets). It may be repeated in cases where the filename is repeated and directly follows the subfield $f to which it applies. This information is not given for journals, since field 856 relates to the entire title, not to particular issues. Repeatable.

$t Terminal emulation

$u Uniform Resource Locator
The Uniform Resource Locator (URL), which provides electronic access data in a standard syntax. This data can be used for automated access to an electronic item using one of the Internet protocols. Field 856 is structured to allow the creation of a URL by combining data from other 856 subfields. Subfield $u may be used instead of those separate subfields or in addition to them. Not repeatable.

$v Hours access method available
The hours that access to an electronic resource is available at the location indicated in this field. Repeatable

$w Record control number

$x Nonpublic note

$y Access method
The access method when the first indicator position contains value 7 (Method specified in subfield $y). This subfield may include access methods other than the main TCP/IP protocols specified in the first indicator. The data in this subfield corresponds with the access schemes specified in Uniform Resource Locators (URL) (RFC 1738), a product of the Uniform Resource Identifiers Working Group of the IETF. The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) maintains a registry of URL schemes and defines the syntax and use of new schemes. Not repeatable.

$z Public note


EX 1
856 1#$awuarchive.wustl.edu$cdecompress with PKUNZIP.exe $d/mirrors2/win3/games$fatmoids.zip$xcannot verify because of transfer difficulty

EX 2
856 1#$uftp://path.net/pub/docs/urn2urc.ps
856 4#$uhttp://lcweb.loc.gov/catdir/semdigdocs/seminar.html

EX 3
856 2#$apac.carl.org$b192.54.81.128$mCARL Situation Room$mhelp@CARL.org$nCARL Systems Inc., Denver, CO$v24 hours

EX 4
856 3#$alocis.loc.gov$b140.147.254.3$mlconline@loc.gov$t3270$tline mode (e.g., vt100)$vM-F 6:00 a.m.-21:30 p.m. USA EST, Sat. 8:30-17:00 USA EST, Sun. 13:00-17:00 USA EST

EX 5
856 4#$uhttp://lcweb.loc.gov/catdir/toc/93-3471.html

EX 6
856 4#$uhttp://www.gpntb.ru/win/inter-events/crimea94/report/prog_01r.html$s14519$v24

EX 7
856 2#$amaine.maine.edu$nUniversity of Maine$t3270

EX 8
856 1#$awuarchive.wustl.edu$dmirrors/info-mac/util$fcolor-system-icons.hqx$s16874 bytes
856 0#$akeptvm.bitnet$facadlist file1$s34,989 bytes$facadlist file2$s32,876 bytes$facadlist file3$s23987 bytes

EX 9
856 2#$agopac.berkeley.edu$mRoy Tennant

EX 10
856 3#$b1-202-7072316$j2400-9600$nLibrary of Congress, Washington, DC$oUNIX$rE-7-1 $tvt100$zRequires logon and password

EX 11
856 1#$aarchive.cis.ohio-state.edu$dpub/comp.sources.Unix/volume 10$fcomobj.lisp.10.Z$qbinary

EX 12
856 1#$aunmvm.bitnet$lanonymous

EX 13
856 1#$aseq1.loc.gov$d/pub/soviet.archive$fk1famine.bkg$nLibrary of Congress, Washington, D.C.$oUNIX

EX 14
856 2#$amadlab.sprl.umich.edu$nUniversity of Michigan Weather Underground$p3000

EX 15
856 2#$apucc.princeton.edu$nPrinceton University, Princeton, N.J.

EX 16
856 0#$auccvma.bitnet$fIR-L$hListserv$isubscribe

EX 17
856 0#$b1-202-7072316$j2400-9600$nLibrary of Congress, Washington, DC$oUNIX$rE-7-1

EX 18
856 1#$aharvarda.harvard.edu$kguest

EX 19
856 0#$auicvm.bitnet$fAN2

EX 20
856 1#$awuarchive.wustl.edu$dmirrors/info-mac/util$fcolor-system-icons.hqx

EX 21
856 4#$awww.gpntb.ru$b193.233.14.7$dwin/dewey$fMoscow.Russia.GPNTB, Mikhail Goncharov$oWINDOWS-NT$s2048 bytes$qtext/WINI-1251$v24

EX 22
856 2#$aanthrax.micro.umn.edu$b128.101.95.23
Host name and Internet Protocol numeric address

EX 23
856 3#$b1-202-7072316$j2400/9600$nLibrary of Congress, Washington, DC$oUNIX$rE-7-1$tvt100$zRequires logon and password
Dial-up numbers with related settings for terminal emulation

EX 24
856 1#$awuarchive.wustl.edu$d/aii/admin/CAT.games$fmac-qubic.22.hqx

EX 25
856 4#$uhttp://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/eid.htm$qtext/html

EX 26
856 4#$uhttp://archive.ifla.org/VI/3/p1996-1/concise.pdf$uhttp://ifla.inist.fr/VI/3/p1996-1/concise.pdf$cRequires Adobe Acrobat Reader

EX 27
200 0#$aBulletin d'informations de l'Association des bibliothécaires français
856 4#$uhttp://www.abf.asso.fr/bulletin.htm$zSommaire des numéros disponible en ligne

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Field Definition

This field contains data for which there is no specific UNIMARC field. It is used when an agency is converting records from another format and wishes to retain elements in fields which have no equivalent.


Optional. Repeatable.


Indicator 1: Type of field
0 Record Label
1 Variable control field (0-- fields without indicators or subfields)
2 Variable data field (010-999 fields)

Indicator 2: blank (not defined)


$a Tag of the Source Format Field
This subfield will not be present if Indicator 1 has the value 0. This subfield can be used only once with the value Tag of the Source Format Field. All other $a subfields in this field have the values assigned by the field of the source format.

$b Indicators and Subfields of the Source Format Field
This subfield will contain the indicators, subfield identifiers and subfields of the original field in their original order. This subfield can be used only once with the value Indicators and Subfields of the Source Format Field. All other $b subfields in this field have the values assigned by the field of the source format.

$2 System Code
The name of the format used for the machine-readable record. For this field, $2 appears first. See Appendix H for codes. Not repeatable.


886 2#$2ukmarc$a083$b00$aRussia. Education$b- Biographies - Collections

There is no equivalent in UNIMARC for UKMARC's Verbal Feature Heading: 083 00$aRussia. Education$b- Biographies - Collections.

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Latest Revision: 6 April 2000 Copyright © 1995-2000
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