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IFLA Universal Bibliographic Control and International MARC Core Programme (UBCIM)

UNIMARC Manual : Bibliographic Format 1994

4-- Linking Entry Block

STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS

This structure applies to all 4-- linking entry fields.

410 Series
411 SubSeries
421 Supplement
422 Parent of Supplement
423 Issued With
430 Continues
436 Formed by Merger of ..., ..., AND ...
440 Continued By
446 Split into ..., ..., And ...
447 Merged With ... And ... To Form ...
448 Changed Back To
451 Other Edition in the Same Medium
452 Other Edition in Another Medium
453 Translated As
454 Translation Of
455 Reproduction Of
456 Reproduced As
461 Set
462 Subset
463 Piece
464 Piece-Analytic
470 Item Reviewed
481 Also Bound in this Volume
482 Bound With
488 Other Related Work

Definition and Scope of Fields

"The primary purpose of UNIMARC is to facilitate the international exchange of bibliographic data in machinereadable form between national bibliographic agencies. UNIMARC may also be used as a model for the development of new machinereadable bibliographic formats" - Purpose and Scope of UNIMARC.

It is therefore important that the UNIMARC format be hospitable to other MARC formats: otherwise conversion to and from UNIMARC is difficult or even impossible.

For this reason the technique of embedded fields has been supplemented by a technique using standard subfields. The structure of the agency's records will determine which system of linking entry fields is used.

Where there is a choice of system, the agency should weigh the advantages of the linking entry system, which allows fuller although more complex entries, against the advantages of the standard subfield system, which is easier to implement.

A statement that linking fields are present or absent together with a note of the type of contents in such linking fields, should be given in the documentation to accompany exchange records. For details, see Appendix K.

Within the Linking Entry Fields Section, both methods are described in the order: (A) embedded fields technique then (B) the standard subfields technique. All examples illustrate both methods.

Each linking entry field in a record will contain subfields that identify the item to which the link is being made. The data in this field should be sufficient to identify the record for the item being linked to, or, if there is no record, to identify the item itself.

In the following list the fields are labelled by the type of record to which the link is being made, e.g. 410 SERIES is used in a subseries record to link to the series of which it is a part.

The following fields are defined:

Series, supplements, etc.

410 Series
411 Subseries
421 Supplement
422 Parent of Supplement
423 Issued with

Preceding entries

430 Continues
431 Continues in Part
432 Supersedes
433 Supersedes in Part
434 Absorbed
435 Absorbed in Part
436 Formed by Merger of
437 Separated from

 

Other editions

451 Other Edition in Same Medium
452 Other Edition in Another Medium
453 Translated as
454 Translation of
455 Reproduction of
456 Reproduced as

Levels

461 Set Level
462 Subset Level
463 Piece Level
464 Piece-Analytic Level

Succeeding entries

440 Continued by
441 Continued in Part by
442 Superseded by
443 Superseded in Part by
444 Absorbed by
445 Absorbed in Part by
446 Split into
447 Merged with xxx to Form
448 Changed Back to

 

 

 

 

 

Other

470 Item Reviewed
481 Also Bound With This Volume
482 Bound With
488 Other Related Works

Occurrence

Optional. Any number of linking fields may be included in a record.

For certain categories of linking fields (notably 46- Level linking fields) there is a restriction on the type of link which may be made. Details are given in Notes on Field Contents for such fields.

Indicators

Indicator 1: blank (not defined)

Indicator 2: Note Indicator

The second indicator indicates whether the agency providing the record would use the data in this field to make a note for print or other displays of the record. If a note is not required, this indicator should be set to 0 (EX 1, 4, 6). The kinds of notes envisaged being created using this data are illustrated in the examples (EX 2, 3, 5). When the record is displayed, the specific field tag may be translated into text that describes the exact relationship of the item to which the link is being made and the item being catalogued: the exact wording of the text depends on the practices of the agency receiving the record.

0 Do not make a note
1 Make a note

(A) Subfields: Embedded fields technique

$1 Linking Data
Each $1 (one) subfield contains a data field complete with tag, indicators, and subfield codes. Repeatable for each embedded field.

Notes on Field Contents: Embedded fields technique

Each linking field is formatted as follows:
Indicators: Subfield Identifier: Subfield Data: Subfield Identifier: Subfield Data:   F/T
#0 or #1 $1 Embedded tag, indicators and subfields $1 Embedded tag, indicators and subfields ...  

F/T = Field Terminator

It is recommended that embedded fields are entered in numerical order of tag within each field. In the case of an embedded 001 field, neither indicators nor subfield identifiers are defined so that the subfield data includes only the tag and the number (EX 1).

If a linking field contains the record control number of the linked record, this record should be included in the same file for distribution purposes.

Linking fields constructed from a full record should contain the following required data when present:

001 RECORD IDENTIFIER
500 UNIFORM TITLE
OR (if 500 not present in the record)
200 $a Title Proper

7-- Primary Intellectual Responsibility (if present)

206 MATERIAL SPECIFIC AREA: CARTOGRAPHIC MATERIALS - MATHEMATICAL DATA

The following fields may optionally be included:

010 ISBN
011 ISSN
040 CODEN
101 LANGUAGE OF THE WORK
102 COUNTRY OF PUBLICATION OR MANUFACTURE
123 CODED DATA FIELD: CARTOGRAPHIC MATERIALS - SCALE AND COORDINATES
130 CODED DATA FIELD: MICROFORMS - PHYSICAL ATTRIBUTES
200 $a Title proper [if not already included]
200 $f First Statement of Responsibility
200 $h Number of Section or Part
200 $i Name of Section or Part
200 $v Volume Designation
205 EDITION STATEMENT
210 PUBLICATION, DISTRIBUTION ETC.
215 PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION
225 SERIES
510 PARALLEL TITLE PROPER
530 KEY TITLE
856 $u URL

In some cases these optional fields may be needed to identify the item, e.g. 210 PUBLICATION, DISTRIBUTION, ETC. for 45- OTHER EDITIONS.

It is not recommended that additional fields be included.

Linking fields not constructed from a full record should contain as much of this data as possible, given the practices of the source agency.

At the least they should contain the data listed above, but need not include the record identifier.

(B) Subfields: Standard subfields technique

$a Author
The name of the person, corporate body or family with primary intellectual responsibility for the item to which the link is being made. This may not necessarily be the contents of a 700, 710 or 720 field for that item if the concept of main entry does not exist in the cataloguing rules. Where more than one subfield contributes to the contents, standard punctuation should be applied (EX 6). Not repeatable.

$c Place of Publication
The contents of the 210$a subfield(s) of the item to which the link is being made. Not repeatable.

$d Date of Publication
The contents of the 210$d subfield of the item to which the link is being made. Not repeatable.

$e Edition Statement
The contents of the 205$a subfield of the item to which the link is being made. Not repeatable.

$h Number of Section or Part
The contents of the relevant title (200), series (225) or uniform title (500) $h subfield of the item to which the link is being made. Not repeatable.

$i Name of Section or Part
The contents of the relevant title (200), series (225) or uniform title (500) $i subfield of the item to which the link is being made. Not repeatable.

$p Physical description
The contents of the relevant physical description 215$a subfield of the item to which the link is being made. Not repeatable.

$t Title
The contents of the relevant title (200), series (225) or uniform title (500) subfield(s) of the item to which the link is being made. In the case of a serial, this subfield may hold the contents of the key-title (530) field. Where more than one subfield contributes to the contents, standard punctuation should be applied (EX 6). Mandatory. Not repeatable.

$u Uniform Resource Locator
The contents of the 856$u subfield of the record which is the source of the $a or $t in this field (488 EX4). Not repeatable.

$v Volume Number
The element(s) (number, position in the document) which expresses the relationship between the current item and the item to which the link is being made. Examples of such elements are 200$h and 225$v. Not repeatable.

$x International Standard Serial Number
The contents of the 011$a subfield of the item to which the link is being made. Not repeatable.

$y International Standard Book Number/ International Standard Music Number
The contents of the 010$a or 013$a subfield of the item to which the link is being made. Not repeatable.

$z CODEN
The contents of the 040$a subfield of the item to which the link is being made. Not repeatable.

$0 Bibliographic Record Identifier
The contents of the 001 field of the item to which the link is being made. Not repeatable.

$3 Authority Record Number
The contents of the $3 subfield of the field which is the source of the $a or $t in this field. Not repeatable.

$5 Institution to Which Field Applies
The contents of the $5 subfield of the field which is the source of the $a or $t in this field. Not repeatable.

If there is no record for the item being linked to, the data in this field should be created as if that item were being catalogued.

If a linking field contains the record control number of the linked record, this record should be included in the same file for distribution purposes.

The order of subfields is irrelevant. But it is recommended that the $0 subfield appears first and that the order be consistent within the database.

Related Fields

311 NOTES PERTAINING TO LINKING FIELDS
Field 311 may be used to express any of the linking relationships appearing in this block when a note is required which cannot be generated from a 4-- field. If field 311 is used, the second indicator of the corresponding 4-- field is set to 0.

Examples

EX 1A: Embedded fields technique
461 #0$100177-10346$12000#$aCountries of Europe$vvol. 2

Field components:
#0 Indicators for field 461
$1 Subfield identifier
001 Tag of embedded field
77-10346 Data of 001 field
$1 Subfield identifier
200 Tag of embedded field
0# Indicators of embedded 200 field
$a Subfield identifier for 200 field
Title Data of 200 field
$v Subfield identifier for 200 field
vol. 2 Data of 200 field

EX 1B: Standard subfields technique
461 #0$077-10346$tCountries of Europe$vvol. 2

This example illustrates a link from a volume to a multivolume monograph that is at the set level. The item being catalogued vol. 2 is one piece of the set. The record for the set should be present in the same file and will have as its 001 record identifier:
77-10346. The agency creating the record does not make a note relating to the set in the record for the volume being catalogued and has therefore set the second indicator to 0. To produce an access point from this field, it may be necessary to find the record referred to in the 001 field. An access point point generated from the record to which this field points would appear as follows:

Countries of Europe, vol. 2

EX 2A: Embedded fields technique
422 #1$12001#$aWorld of knowledge

EX 2B: Standard subfields technique
422 #1$tWorld of knowledge

A serial World of knowledge has an annual supplement entitled World of knowledge annual. In the record describing the World of knowledge annual, a note is required to indicate this relationship. The source format records this information by linking to the item World of knowledge by means of a bibliographic title entered in UNIMARC Field 422 PARENT OF SUPPLEMENT. The note created from this field might read as follows:

Supplement to: World of knowledge

EX 3A: Embedded fields technique
430 #1$1001RI976423$1011##$a0199-4797$15301#$aLigand quarterly

EX 3B: Standard subfields technique
430 #1$0RI976423$x0199-4797$tLigand quarterly

A serial with a keytitle Journal of clinical immunoassay continues Ligand quarterly which had ISSN 0199-4797. In the record for Journal of clinical immunoassay a link is made to the previous title using key title and ISSN for identification. The record for that serial need not be in the same file. A note generated from this field might read:

Continues: Ligand quarterly. ISSN 0199-4797

or when the note is generated by a French language database:

Fait suite à: Ligand quarterly. ISSN 0199-4797

EX 4A: Embedded fields technique
311 ##$aIncludes alternate issues of Mythprint. ISSN 0146-9347
423 #0$1011##$a0146-9347$12001# $aMythprint

EX 4B: Standard subfields technique
311 ##$aIncludes alternate issues of Mythprint. ISSN 0146-9347
423 #0$x0146-9347$tMythprint

A note which cannot be generated automatically from the linking field 423 is entered in a note field 311. The second indicator is set to 0.The note is not embedded in the 423 field.

EX 5A: Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aIm Auftrag des Königs$edie gefährlichen Abenteuer des Quentin Durward$fWalter Scott$gmit einem Nachwort von Traude Dienel$g[Bearbeitung einer Übersetzung von Oelkers aus dem Jahre 1831]
454 #1$150010$aQuentin Durward
700 #1$aScott,$cSir$bWalter,$f1771-1832

EX 5B: Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aIm Auftrag des Königs$edie gefährlichen Abenteuer des Quentin Durward$fWalter Scott$gmit einem Nachwort von Traude Dienel$g[Bearbeitung einer Übersetzung von Oelkers aus dem Jahre 1831]
454 #1tQuentin Durward
700 #1$aScott,$cSir$bWalter,$f1771-1832

Im Auftrag des Königs is a translation of Sir Walter Scott's Quentin Durward. A record for that work need not be in the same file. As a translation is catalogued under the name of the original author, the agency has not thought it necessary to include the author's name in the 454 field. A note generated from this field might read:

Translation of : Quentin Durward

EX 6A: Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aVariations on a theme of Bartók$efor string quartet$fMalcolm Lipkin
311 ##$aVariations on Bartók's Concertos, viola, orchestra, op.posth. Movement 1
488 #0$1700#1$aBartók,$bBéla,$f1881-1945$150010$aConcertos,$rviola, orchestra,$nop.posth. $hMovement 1
700 #1$aLipkin,$bMalcolm

EX 6B: Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aVariations on a theme of Bartók$efor string quartet$fMalcolm Lipkin
311 ##$aVariations on Bartók's Concertos, viola, orchestra, op.posth. Movement 1
488 #0$aBartók, Béla, 1881-1945$tConcertos, viola, orchestra, op.posth. Movement 1
700 #1$aLipkin,$bMalcolm

A note which cannot be generated automatically from the linking field 488 is entered in a note field 311. The second indicator of field 488 is set to 0.

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410 SERIES

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of this block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS.

Field Definition

This field is used to link the item being catalogued to a series that contains it.

Notes on Field Contents

Field 410 contains an upward link to a series when the item catalogued is either a series or monograph. If an upward link to both a series and its subseries is required, then the 410 may be repeated for citations to each, the higher level preceding the lower. Alternatively when the record structure emphasizes linking separate records in a hierarchy, the series may be linked through a 461 SET field and the subseries through a 462 SUBSET field.

The indicator value for this field indicates whether a note should be generated from the field; it does not contain information concerning the existence or generation of a series statement (field 225).

Related Fields

225 SERIES
Field 225 is used to record the ISBD Series Area which contains series data as found on the item. Field 410 is used for an access point form of the series entry. When the access point form is considered by the agency preparing the record to be identical to the form in field 225, the first indicator of 225 will note this. Nevertheless, the data is still included in field 410 (EX 2).

461 SET
If the 46- hierarchical links are being used then an upward link to a series may be indicated through a 461 field.

462 SUBSET
If the 46- hierarchical links are being used then an upward link to a subseries may be indicated through a 462 field.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
225 0#$aLetters from China
410 #0$12001#$aLetters from China$1700#1$aStrong,$bAnna Louise,$f1885-1970

Standard subfields technique
225 0#$aLetters from China
410 #0$tLetters from China$aStrong, Anna Louise, 1885-1970

The document being catalogued is in a series for which an access point needs to be made. A series statement on the item and recorded in the 225 field differs from the access point form of name for the series. Field 410 contains that form. No note is to be printed from field 410.

EX 2 Embedded fields technique
225 2#$aCambridge Greek and Latin classics
410 #0$12001#$aCambridge Greek and Latin classics

Standard subfields technique
225 2#$aCambridge Greek and Latin classics
410 #0$tCambridge Greek and Latin classics

The document being catalogued is in a series for which an access entry is required by the cataloguing code. The form of entry in field 225 is the same as the established form in field 410.

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411 SUBSERIES

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of this block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS.

Field Definition

This field is used to link the serial (series) being catalogued to a subseries that is contained in it.

Notes on Field Contents

This field is to be used only in records for serials (series) to indicate a downward link to a subseries that is part of the serial title recorded in field 200.

Related Fields

410 SERIES
The 411 field indicates a downward link from a series to a subseries. If the item being catalogued is a subseries and an upward link to the series is required, field 410 is used.

462 SUBSET
If the 46- hierarchical links are being used then a subseries may be linked to a series being catalogued through field 462.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
411 #1$12001#$aEngineering series$12250#$hA

Standard subfields technique
411 #1$tEngineering series$hA

The item being catalogued is the serial Copper information which has a subseries entitled Engineering series which is labelled A within the serial.

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421 SUPPLEMENT

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of this block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS.

Field Definition

This field is used to link the item being catalogued to another item that is its supplement.

Notes on Field Contents

This field is used in both serial and monograph records to link to a supplement.

Related Fields

422 PARENT OF SUPPLEMENT
Field 422 is used for the reciprocal of the relationship indicated by field 421.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
421 #1$1011##$a0332-561X$15301#$aSymbolae Osloensis. Fasciculi suppletorii

Standard subfields technique
421 #1$x0332-561X$tSymbolae Osloensis. Fasciculi suppletorii

The serial Symbolae Osloensis has a serial supplement Fasciculi suppletorii.

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422 PARENT OF SUPPLEMENT

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of this block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS.

Field Definition

This field is used to link the supplement being catalogued to the parent of that supplement.

Related Fields

421 SUPPLEMENT
Field 421 is used for the reciprocal of the relationship indicated by field 422.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aGirl annual ...
422 #1$15301#$aGirl$b(London)

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aGirl annual ...
422 #1$tGirl (London)

A weekly magazine Girl has an associated annual Girl annual. The record of Girl annual contains a link to the parent of the supplement: Girl.

The note generated from the 422 data might appear displayed as follows:

Supplement to: Girl (London)

A further example of the use of this field appears as EX 2 of the 4-- LINKING ENTRY BLOCK.

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423 ISSUED WITH

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of this block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS.

Field Definition

This field is used to link the item being catalogued to another bibliographic item that is issued with it, such as an item bound with another item.

Notes on Field Contents

When one item is issued with another, it is not implied that either item is subsidiary to the other, as is the case with a supplement/parent relationship.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
200 1#Transport public
423 #1$1011##$a0249-6143$15300#$aAction transport

Standard subfields technique
200 1#Transport public
423 #1$x0249-6143$tAction transport

This linking field occurs in the record for Transport public since Transport public and Action transport are issued together.

EX 2 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aFemmes$d= Women$aHombres$d= Men$fPaul Verlaine$g translated by Alastair Elliot
423 #0$12001#$aHombres$15101#$aMen$1700#1$aVerlaine$bPaul
510 1#$aWomen

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aFemmes$d= Women$aHombres$d= Men$fPaul Verlaine$g translated by Alastair Elliot
423 #0$tHombres$aVerlaine, Paul
510 1#$aWomen

A book with two works and no collective title has parallel titles for both works. The parallel title for the first title proper is given in field 510, other titles being given in a 423 ISSUED WITH field. The 423 field does not generate a note because details are given already in the main 200 field.

EX 3
See field 200, EX 12.
A further example of the use of this field appears as EX 4 of the 4-- LINKING ENTRY BLOCK.

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430 CONTINUES

431 CONTINUES IN PART

432 SUPERSEDES

433 SUPERSEDES IN PART

434 ABSORBED

435 ABSORBED IN PART

437 SEPARATED FROM

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of the block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS.

Field Definitions

The above fields are used to link a serial being catalogued to a preceding title. Fields 431-437 are used in preference to 430 when it is required to elaborate on the 'preceding' relationship. Where an agency uses the above fields they should be distinguished as follows:

Continues: the new title replaces the earlier title without a change in numbering;

Supersedes: the new title replaces the earlier title and the numbering of the earlier one is not continued;

Absorbed: a serial was in existence before it absorbed an earlier serial and it continues with its own numbering.

Separated from: the new title was once a part of a still existing title.

Notes on Field Contents

With the exception of SEPARATED FROM, the distinctions represented by these fields were originally developed within ISDS. SUPERSEDES and SUPERSEDES IN PART are no longer recommended by ISDS and have been subsumed under CONTINUES and CONTINUES IN PART. ISDS uses CONTINUES IN PART instead of SEPARATED FROM.

Related Fields

44- Succeeding Entry Fields
Fields 440-445 are used for the reciprocals of the relationships identified by fields 430-435.

520 FORMER TITLE (SERIALS)
Used when the practice is to record a serial under its latest title with added entries under earlier titles. Not to be used when 430-448 are used.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aKesteven chronicle ...
205 ##$aFosse Way ed.
430 #1$12001#$aLincolnshire chronicle$1205##$aNorth Kesteven ed.

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aKesteven chronicle ...
205 ##$aFosse Way ed.
430 #1$tLincolnshire chronicle$eNorth Kesteven ed.

The North Kesteven edition of the Lincolnshire chronicle changes its name to Kesteven chronicle, Fosse Way edition. From the record for the Kesteven chronicle, the following note can be displayed:

Continues: Lincolnshire chronicle. North Kesteven ed.

EX 2 Embedded fields technique
431 #1$15301#$aTransport policies and programmes - Hertfordshire County Council
530 1#$aPublic transport plan - Hertfordshire County Council

Standard subfields technique
431 #1$tTransport policies and programmes - Hertfordshire County Council
530 1#$aPublic transport plan - Hertfordshire County Council

EX 3 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aWhat hifi?
432 #1$15300#$aPopular hi-fi

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aWhat hi-fi?
432 #1$tPopular hi-fi

What hi-fi? supersedes Popular hi-fi.

EX 4 Embedded fields technique
530 1#$aMotor transport$b(London)
434 #1$15300#$aBus & coach

Standard subfields technique
530 1#$aMotor transport$b(London)
434 #1$tBus & coach

Motor transport absorbed Bus & coach.

EX 5 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aJeugboekengids
437 #1$12001#$aBoekengids

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aJeugboekengids
437 #1$tBoekengids

Jeugboekengids was originally a part of Boekengids but is now published separately. From the record, the following note can be displayed:

Separated from: Boekengids

From the corresponding field 441 in the record for Boekengids, the following note can be displayed:

Continued in part by: Jeugboekengids

A further example of the use of field 430 occurs as EX 3 in the 4-- LINKING ENTRY BLOCK.

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436 FORMED BY MERGER OF ..., ..., AND ...

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of the block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS.

Field Definition

This field is used to link the serial being catalogued to two or more other serials which precede it and which were merged to form it.

Occurrence

Optional. This field must be repeated. It is repeated for each of the previous serials which merged.

Related Fields

434 ABSORBED
When two or more serials are merged, but continue under the name of one of the original serials, field 434 is used in the record of the serial whose name did not change to link to the serial which was merged and whose title no longer continues.

447 MERGED WITH ... AND... TO FORM ...
Field 447 is used in the record of one of the earlier serials which is merged to link to the serial(s) with which it is merged and the new title.

Examples
EX 1 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aArchivio e Rassegna italiana di Ottalmologia
436 #1$12001#$aArchivio di Ottalmologia
436 #1$12001#$aRassegna italiana di Ottalmologia

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aArchivio e Rassegna italiana di Ottalmologia
436 #1$tArchivio di Ottalmologia
436 #1$tRassegna italiana di Ottalmologia

Archivio di Ottalmologia and Rassegna italiana di Ottalmologia merged to form Archivio e Rassegna italiana di Ottalmologia.

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440 CONTINUED BY

441 CONTINUED IN PART BY

442 SUPERSEDED BY

443 SUPERSEDED IN PART BY

444 ABSORBED BY

445 ABSORBED IN PART BY

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of the block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS

Field Definitions

The above fields are used to link a serial being catalogued to its succeeding title. Fields 441-445 are used in preference to 440 when it is desired to elaborate on the 'succeeding' relationship. Where an agency uses the above fields they should be distinguished as follows:

Continued by: the new title replaces the earlier title without a change in numbering;

Superseded by: the new title replaces the earlier title and the numbering of the earlier one is not continued;

Absorbed by: the serial being catalogued ceases to exist but is continued by the serial referred to in field 444 or 445, although this serial continues it previous numbering.

Notes on Field Contents

The distinctions represented by these fields were originally developed within ISDS. SUPERSEDED BY and SUPERSEDED IN PART BY are no longer recommended by ISDS and have been subsumed under CONTINUED BY and CONTINUED IN PART BY.

Related Fields

43- Preceding Entry Fields
Fields 430-435 are used for the reciprocals of the relationships identified by fields 440-445.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aNSBLa NSErecherche aéronautique
440 #1$1011##$a00341223$15301#$aNSBLa NSErecherche aérospatiale

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aNSBLa NSErecherche aéronautique
440 #1$x00341223$tNSBLa NSErecherche aérospatiale

The serial La recherche aéronautique has ceased and has been continued by the serial La recherche aérospatiale. 'La' is marked as nonfiling in both cases. The following note could be generated from the 440 field:

Continued by: La recherche aérospatiale

EX 2 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aNew transport technology
444 #1$15300#$aHoverfoil news

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aNew transport technology
444 #1$tHoverfoil news

On ceasing publication, New transport technology was absorbed by Hoverfoil news.

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446 SPLIT INTO .., ..., AND ...

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of the block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS

Field Definition

This field is used to link the serial being catalogued to two or more other serials which continued it and which split from it.

Occurrence

Optional. This field must be repeated for each of the new serials.

Related Fields

434 ABSORBED
When a serial splits into two or more serials, but the title of the original is kept by one of the later serials, field 434 is used in the record of the serial whose title did not change in order to link to the serial which was merged and whose title no longer continues.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
530 1#$aGazette - East Central State of Nigeria
446 #1$15301#$aOfficial gazette - Anambra State of Nigeria
446 #1$15301#$aOfficial gazette - Imo State of Nigeria

Standard subfields technique
530 1#$aGazette - East Central State of Nigeria
446 #1$tOfficial gazette - Anambra State of Nigeria
446 #1$tOfficial gazette - Imo State of Nigeria

In the record for the Gazette - East Central State of Nigeria, a note on the following lines may occur:

Split into: Official gazette - Anambra State of Nigeria and Official gazette - Imo State of Nigeria

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447 MERGED WITH ... AND ... TO FORM ...

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of the block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS

Field Definition

This field is used to link the serial being catalogued to other serials with which it merged and to an item which was the product of the merger.

Occurrence

Optional. This field must be repeated. The final occurrence of the field relates to the product of the merger; all other occurrences relate to items with which the item being catalogued is merged.

Related Fields

434 ABSORBED
When the serial being catalogued is merged with one or more others to form a new serial which bears the same title as the serial being catalogued, the record of the item being catalogued will contain a 434 field referring to each of the titles which is absorbed and field 447 will not be used.

444 ABSORBED BY
When the serial being catalogued is merged with one or more others to form a new serial which bears the same title as one of the other serials, the record of the item being catalogued will contain a 444 field referring to the title which continues, and field 447 will not be used.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
530 1#$aPulpit preaching
447 #1$15301#$aPulpit digest
447 #1$15301#$aNew pulpit digest$1011##$a0145-7969

Standard subfields technique
530 1#$aPulpit preaching
447 #1$tPulpit digest
447 #1$tNew pulpit digest$x0145-7969

A serial Pulpit preaching merged with Pulpit digest to form New pulpit digest. The records have been linked using the key title.

EX 2 Embedded fields technique
500 11$aAbstracts pertaining to Communist China in Soviet abstracts journals.$iGeology and geography series.
447 #1$150011$aAbstracts pertaining to Communist China in Soviet abstracts journals.$iMetallurgy.
447 #1$150011$aAbstracts pertaining to Communist China in Soviet abstracts journals.$iMining series.
447 #1$150011$aCommunist Chinese scientific abstracts.

Standard subfields technique
500 11$aAbstracts pertaining to Communist China in Soviet abstracts journals.$iGeology and geography series.
447 #1$tAbstracts pertaining to Communist China in Soviet abstracts journals. Metallurgy.
447 #1$tAbstracts pertaining to Communist China in Soviet abstracts journals. Mining series.
447 #1$tCommunist Chinese scientific abstracts.

The serial Abstracts pertaining to Communist China in Soviet abstracts journals. Geology and geography series merged with Abstracts pertaining to Communist China in Soviet abstracts journals. Metallurgy and Abstracts pertaining to Communist China in Soviet abstracts journals.Mining series to form Communist Chinese scientific abstracts. The records have been linked using the uniform titles.

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448 CHANGED BACK TO

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of the block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS

Field Definition

This field is used to link the serial being catalogued to a serial which both preceded it and succeeded it. This occurs when a serial changes its name and then reverts back to its earlier name. This field occurs in the record of the intervening title.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aJack and Jill with Harold Hare
448 #1$12001#$aJack and Jill

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aJack and Jill with Harold Hare
448 #1$tJack and Jill

Jack and Jill changed its name to Jack and Jill with Harold Hare, before reverting to its earlier title Jack and Jill. These fields occur in the record of Jack and Jill with Harold Hare.

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451 OTHER EDITION IN THE SAME MEDIUM

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of this block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS.

Field Definition

This field is used to link the item being catalogued to another edition or version of that item that is in the same medium, such as another printed edition produced in a different language.

Notes on Field Contents

This field may be used to link to other editions of serials (EX 1) or monographs (EX 2).

Related Fields

452 OTHER EDITION IN ANOTHER MEDIUM
Field 452 also expresses links to other editions or versions of the item being catalogued; however, these other editions are in a different medium. For example the item being catalogued is a printed book and the other edition is in microform.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aCamera
451 #0$1011##$a0373-9740$15301#$aCamera$b(Édition française)
451 #0$1011##$a0366-7073$15301#$aCamera$b(English edition)

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aCamera
451 #0$x0373-9740$tCamera (Édition française)
451 #0$x0366-7073$tCamera (English edition)

A serial Camera is published in three language editions. In the record of the German edition, a link is made to the English and French editions by means of repeated 451 fields which include the ISSN and key title of each.

EX 2 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aPrefaces to the experience of literature...
305 ##$aOriginally published: New York : Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1979
451 #0$1001BLN6956090$12001#$aPrefaces to the experience of literature$1210##$aNew York$cHarcourt Brace Jovanovich$d1979

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aPrefaces to the experience of literature...
305 ##$aOriginally published: New York : Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1979
451 #0$0BLN6956090$tPrefaces to the experience of literature$cNew York$d1979

The agency preparing the record makes links to the records of earlier editions of items if they already exists on the database, although it also enters bibliographic history notes in the record. Thus there is no need to generate a note from the 451 field. BLN6956090 is the record identifier of the earlier edition.

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452 OTHER EDITION IN ANOTHER MEDIUM

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of this block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS.

Field Definition

This field is used to link the item being catalogued to another edition or version of that item in a different medium, such as an edition of a printed book in microform.

Related Fields

451 OTHER EDITION IN THE SAME MEDIUM
Field 451 also expresses links to other editions or versions of the item being catalogued; however, these other editions are in the same medium as the catalogued item.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
500 11$aSIGCAPH newsletter
452 #0$150011$aSIGCAPH newsletter$bBraille text

Standard subfields technique
500 11$aSIGCAPH newsletter
452 #0$tSIGCAPH newsletter (Braille text)

A serial issued in both print and Braille editions, both of which have been catalogued in a separate record.

EX 2 Embedded fields technique
500 11$aWater pollution research journal of Canada
452 #0$150011$aWater pollution research journal of Canada$n(Microfiche ed.)
452 #0$150011$aWater pollution research journal of Canada$n(Microfilm ed.)

Standard subfields technique
500 11$aWater pollution research journal of Canada
452 #0$tWater pollution research journal of Canada (Microfiche ed.)
452 #0$tWater pollution research journal of Canada (Microfilm ed.)

A serial issued in print, microfiche, and microfilm editions, each of which has been catalogued in a separate record. The records have been linked using the uniform title.

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453 TRANSLATED AS

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of this block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS.

Field Definition

This field is used to link the item being catalogued to a translation of the item.

Related Fields

454 TRANSLATION OF
Field 454 is used for the reciprocal of the relationship identified by field 453. It would be used in the record for the translation to link to the original.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aPodniataia tselina ...
453 #1$1001B78-17841$12001#$aHarvest on the Don$1700#1$aSholokov$bMikhail
700 #1$aSholokov$bMikhail

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aPodniataia tselina ...
453 #1$0B78-17841$tHarvest on the Don$aSholokov, Mikhail
700 #1$aSholokov$bMikhail

In the record of the item in Russian, a 453 field is present from which can be generated a 'translated as' note.

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454 TRANSLATION OF

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of this block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS

Field Definition

This field is used to link the item being catalogued, which is a translation, to its original.

Related Fields

453 TRANSLATED AS
Field 453 is used for the reciprocal of the relationship identified by field 454. It would be used in the record for the original to link to the translation.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aAutomatic inspection systems for industry ...
454 #1$12001#$aIntelligente Messsysteme zur Automatisierung technischer Prozesse$1210##$aDortmund$cDOK$d1981$1700#1$ aBretschi$bJurgen

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aAutomatic inspection systems for industry ...
454 #1$tIntelligente Messsysteme zur Automatisierung technischer Prozesse$$cDortmund $d1981$aBretschi, Jurgen

Automatic inspection systems for industry is a translation of Intelligente Messsysteme zur Automatisierung technischer Prozesse. The original is not in the database and field 454 therefore contains sufficient data to create a full citation.

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455 REPRODUCTION OF

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of the block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING FIELDS

Field Definition

This field contains a description of an original or a link to a record describing an original.

Occurrence

Optional. Not repeatable.

Related Fields

324 ORIGINAL VERSION NOTE
Note giving details of the original when the item is catalogued as a reproduction.

452 EDITION IN A DIFFERENT MEDIUM
Field 452 is generally used for multiple simultaneous editions.

456 REPRODUCED AS
Field 456 is used for the reciprocal of the relationship identified by field 455.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
455 #1$100183-010711

Standard subfields technique
455 #1$083-010711

The original was catalogued in a record with Record Identifier 83-010711. The database can access all other fields of this record so no further details need be given. This is, however, not sufficient for exchange purposes.

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456 REPRODUCED AS

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of this block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING FIELDS

Field definition

This field contains a description of a reproduction or a link to a record describing a reproduction.

Occurrence

Optional. Repeatable for each form of reproduction.

Related Fields

325 REPRODUCTION NOTE
Note giving details of the reproduction. May be used instead of 456 when 4-- fields are not applied.

452 EDITION IN A DIFFERENT MEDIUM
Field 452 is generally used for multiple simultaneous editions.

455 REPRODUCTION OF
Field 455 is used for the reciprocal of the relationship identified by field 456.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
456 #1$10011033666$1130##$adafa###aaca$150010$aThéorie des peines et des récompenses$bMicroform$e1811$1210##Cambridge$cChadwyck-Healey Ltd$d1988$1215##$a1 reel$d35 mm$12252#$aThe Nineteenth Century$iGeneral Collection$vN.1.1.18$1700#1$aBentham$bJeremy$f1748-1832

Standard subfields technique
456 #1$01033666 $tThéorie des peines et des récompenses [Microform] : 1811$cCambridge$d1988$sThe Nineteenth Century. General Collection$vN.1.1.18$aBentham, Jeremy, 1748-1832

The information in the linking field gives data peculiar to the reproduction and the 4-- field mandatory data (500 and 700). A note will be automatically generated.

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461 SET

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of this block under 4 STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS.

Field Definition

This field is used to identify hierarchically linked items at the set level. The item to which the link is made is at the set level, and the record containing this field is at the piece or subset level.

Notes on Field Contents

This field is used only when the record structure emphasizes linking separate records for the data from various levels and a link is made to a unit at the set level.

A set is a group of physically separate items identified by a common title; it includes series, serials, made-up collections and multi-volume monographs.

A link from a piece or subset to a set is always an upward link.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aBuses in the East Midlands...
461 #1$12001#$aFleetbooks$vno.7

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aBuses in the East Midlands...
461 #1$tFleetbooks$vno.7

A monograph Buses of the East Midlands is part of a monograph series. Within the record of the monograph there is a field linking to the series entitled Fleetbooks which is represented by its title. This item is number 7 in the series. Note the use of subfield $v in the embedded 200 field: although it is embedded in a reference to the monographic series, it is specific to the monograph.

A further example of the use of this field appears as EX 1 of the 4-- LINKING ENTRY BLOCK.

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462 SUBSET

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of this block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS.

Field Definition

This field is used to identify hierarchical links to items at the subset level. The record to which the link is made is at the subset level, and the record containing this field is at the piece, subset, or set level.

Notes on Field Contents

This field is used only when the record structure emphasizes linking separate records for the data from various levels and a link is made to a unit at the subset level.

A subset is a group of physically separate items identified by a common title, representing a section of a larger set.

Field 462 should generally be used in a record for a piece or a subset to link upward to a higher level subset. The only downward 462 link that should be used is one from a set to a subset. The set will be the highest level in the hierarchy, so the link can be downward.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
462 #1$100101431811$1011##$a0143-1811$11010#$aeng$1102##$aGB$12001#$aGuide to wordprocessing systems$1210##$aLondon$cComputer Guides$d1979-

Standard subfields technique
462 #1$001431811$x0143-1811$tGuide to wordprocessing systems$cLondon$d1979-

A downwards link is made from a serial to one of its subserials. As the record exists and is linked both on the source database and in the exchange tape, the control number (0143-1811) and optional details are given.

EX 2 Embedded fields technique
462 #1$1011##$a0267-6079$15301#$aIrish literary studies
530 1#$aIAS AIL-Japan series

Standard subfields technique
462 #1$x0267-6079$tIrish literary studies
530 1#$aIAS AIL-Japan series

An upwards link is made from a subseries dealing with AngloIrish literature in Japan to a series on AngloIrish literature.

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463 PIECE

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of this block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS.

Field Definition

This field is used to identify hierarchical links to items at the piece level. The record to which the link is made is at the piece level, and the record containing this field is at the piece-analytic, subset, or set level.

Notes on Field Contents

This field is used only when the record structure emphasizes linking separate records for the data from various levels and a link is made to a unit at the piece level.

A piece is a single physically separate bibliographic item.

Field 463 should generally be used in a record for a piece-analytic to link upward to the piece that contains the piece-analytic. A set (at the highest hierarchical level) may contain a downward link to a piece using a 463 field.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
463 #1$12001#$aNature$vvol. 60, no. 28

Standard subfields technique
463 #1$tNature$vvol. 60, no. 28

An upward link is made from the record of a contribution to the issue of the serial in which it is published. The serial issue is at the piece level.

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464 PIECE-ANALYTIC

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of this block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS.

Field Definition

This field is used to identify hierarchical links to items at the piece-analytic level. The record to which the link is made is at the piece-analytic level, and the record containing this field is at the piece level

Notes on Field Contents

This field is used only when the record structure emphasizes linking separate records for the data from various levels and a link is made to a unit at the piece-analytic level.

A piece-analytic is a bibliographic item that is part of and not physically separate from its host item.

Since a link to a piece-analytic is inherently a downward link, it should not be used unless the piece is at the highest level. Instead upward links to the piece should be made (using field 463) in the record for the piece-analytic.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
464 #1$1001B781001$12001#$aPeople serving people$fby Judy A. Poseley$1700#1$aPoseley$bJudy A.
464 #1$1001B781002$12001#$aVoices of Minnesota politicians

Standard subfields technique
464 #1$0B781001$tPeople serving people / by Judy A. Poseley$aPoseley, Judy A.
464 #1$0B781002$tVoices of Minnesota politicians

A link is made from a multi-media item entitled Minnesota politics and government to two of the contributions. These are held on the same exchange tape and so the record control numbers are given.

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470 ITEM REVIEWED

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of this block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS.

Field Definition

This field is used to link the item being catalogued (a review) to the record for the item reviewed.

Notes on Field Contents

This field is used in piece-analytic records to link to an item being reviewed.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aISBD(PM)$ethe pros and cons of the new edition$fby Tony Reed
470 ##$10013598109857$12001#$aISBD(PM)$1205##$a2nd rev. ed.

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aISBD(PM)$ethe pros and cons of the new edition$fby Tony Reed
470 ##$03598109857$tISBD(PM)$e2nd rev. ed.

A link from a review of the ISBD for printed music to the entry for the item itself.

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481 ALSO BOUND IN THIS VOLUME

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of the block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING FIELDS.

Field Definition

This field contains description of other items bound in an 'artificial' collection, e.g. not found with the first item as issued. It is generally used for older monographic publications (antiquarian).

Occurrence

Optional. Repeatable.

Notes on Field Contents

This field contains a link from the first item in an 'artificial' collection to each item after the first in that collection.

The field can contain Record Identifier of the record containing full description of the other item bound in the 'artificial' collection, and/or data of that item.

The indicator value for this field indicates whether a 316 note should be generated from the field.

Related Fields

316 NOTE RELATING TO THE COPY IN HAND
This field contains a note relating to the copy in hand for older monographic publications, e.g. wanting leaves, copy characteristics, binding, numbered copies of an edition, manuscript notes on title page or margins, bound leaves, items, etc.

482 BOUND WITH
This field contains a description of the item that is bound first in an 'artificial' collection. It is generally used for older monographic publications.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
481 #1$100129121993001$12000#$aTheoria generalis aequationum omnium graduum novis illustrata formalis ac iuxta principia sublimioris calculi finitorum deducta$fautore p. Dominico Martinovics$5CiZaNSB: R IIF-8º - 1133 privez1$1210##$aBudae$d1780

Standard subfields technique
481 #1$029121993001$tTheoria generalis aequationum omnium graduum novis illustrata formalis ac iuxta principia sublimioris calculi finitorum deducta /autore p. Dominico Martinovics$5CiZaNSB: R IIF-8º - 1133 privez1$cBudae$d1780

EX 2 Embedded fields technique
481 #1$100127121993002$12000#$aCommentatio de titulo hereditarii Austriae imperatoris... a nobili Hungaro$5CiZaNSB: R IIF-8º-1597 privez1$1210##$aPestini$d1810
481 #1$100127121993003$12000#$aQuis nunc aggressor est? Au Austria, au Gallia?$5CiZaNSB: R IIF-8º-1597 privez2$1210##$a[S.1.]$d1805
481 #1$100127121993004$12000#$aInstututio grammatophylacii publici pro instituto diplomatico-historico inclyti regni Hungariae...$fGeorg. Kovachich, Senquiciensis$5CiZaNSB: R IIF-8º-1597 privez 3$1210##$aPestini$cTypis M. Trattner$d[s.a.]

Standard subfields technique
481 #1$027121993002$tCommentatio de titulo hereditarii Austriae imperatoris... a nobili Hungaro$5CiZaNSB: R IIF-8º-1597 privez1$cPestini$d1810
481 #1$027121993003$tQuis nunc aggressor est? Au Austria, au Gallia?$5CiZaNSB: R IIF-8º-1597 privez2$c[S.1.]$d1805
481 #1$027121993004$tInstututio grammatophylacii publici pro instituto diplomatico-historico inclyti regni Hungariae... / Georg. Kovachich, Senquiciensis$5CiZaNSB: R IIF-8º-1597 privez 3$cPestini$d[s.a.]

Three items bound to Marcellus Daniel's Assertiones ex universa theologia in the 'artificial' collection. The indicator value '1' in the 481 fields indicates that 316 notes should be generated from these fields. See also examples 1 to 3 of the 482 field.

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482 BOUND WITH

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of the block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING FIELDS.

Field Definition

This field contains a description of the item that is bound first in an 'artificial' collection, i.e. not found with the other items as issued. It is generally used for older monographic publications (antiquarian).

Occurrence

Optional. Repeatable if the copies of the item described in the record are bound in more than one artificial collection.

Notes on Field Contents

This field contains a link from each item after the first in an 'artificial' collection to the first item in that collection.

The field can contain Record Identifier of the record containing full description of the first item bound in the 'artificial' collection, and/or data of that item.

The indicator value for this field indicates whether a 316 note should be generated from the field.

Related Fields

316 NOTE RELATING TO THE COPY IN HAND
This field contains a note relating to the copy in hand for older monographic publications, e.g. wanting leaves, copy characteristics, binding, numbered copies of an edition, manuscript notes on title page or margins, bound leaves, items, etc.

481 ALSO BOUND IN THIS VOLUME
This field contains description of other items bound in an 'artificial' collection. It is generally used for older monographic publications.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aCommentatio de titulo hereditarii Austriae imperatoris... a nobili Hungaro
210 ##$aPestini$c[s.n.]$d1810
482 #1$100127121993001$12000#$aAssertiones ex universa theologia, quas...$fmense Junio publice propugnandas suscepit Marcellus Daniel...$5CiZaNSB: R IIF-8º -1597$1210##$a[S.1.$cs.n.$ds.a.]

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aCommentatio de titulo hereditarii Austriae imperatoris... a nobili Hungaro
210 ##$aPestini$c[s.n.]$d1810
482 #1$027121993001$tAssertiones ex universa theologia, quas... / mense Junio publice propugnandas suscepit Marcellus Daniel...$5CiZaNSB: R IIF-8º -1597$c[S.1.$ds.a.]

EX 2 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aQuis nunc aggressor est? Au Austria, au Gallia?
210 ##$a[S.1.]$$c[s.n.]d1805
482 #1$100127121993001$12000#$aAssertiones ex universa theologia, quas...$fmense Junio publice propugnandas suscepit Marcellus Daniel...$5CiZaNSB: R IIF-8 -1597$1210##$a[S.1.$cs.n.$ds.a.]

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aQuis nunc aggressor est? Au Austria, au Gallia?
210 ##$a[S.1.]$$c[s.n.]d1805
482 #1$0127121993001$tAssertiones ex universa theologia, quas... / mense Junio publice propugnandas suscepit Marcellus Daniel...$5CiZaNSB: R IIF-8º -1597$c[S.1.$ds.a.]

EX 3 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aInstitutio grammatophylacii publici pro instituto diplomatico-historico inclyti regni Hungariae...$fGeorg. Kovachich, Senquiciensis
210 ##$aPestini$cTypis M. Trattner$d[s.a.]
482 #1$100127121993001$12000#$aAssertiones ex universa theologia, quas...$fmense Junio publice propugnandas suscepit Marcellus Daniel...$5CiZaNSB: R IIF-8º -1597$1210##$a[S.1.$cs.n.$ds.a.]

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aInstitutio grammatophylacii publici pro instituto diplomatico-historico inclyti regni Hungariae...$fGeorg. Kovachich, Senquiciensis
210 ##$aPestini$cTypis M. Trattner$d[s.a.]
482 #1$027121993001$tAssertiones ex universa theologia, quas... / mense Junio publice propugnandas suscepit Marcellus Daniel...$5CiZaNSB: R IIF-8º -1597$c[S.1.$ds.a.]

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488 OTHER RELATED WORK

The specifications below are in addition to those given at the beginning of this block under 4-- STRUCTURE OF LINKING ENTRY FIELDS.

Field Definition

This field is used to link the item being catalogued to another item when the specific relationship is not provided for in the other 4-- fields or cannot be determined from the source format.

Notes on Field Contents

It is unlikely that field 488 would be used to generate a note since the nature of the relationship is unspecified.

Related Fields

311 NOTES PERTAINING TO LINKING FIELDS
Since field 488 is unlikely to be used to generate a note, any note on the relationship of the item being catalogued to that referred to in field 488 is entered in field 311.

Examples

EX 1 Embedded fields technique
311 ##$a Facsimile reprint of: 1st ed. Garden City, N.Y. : Doubleday, Doran, 1933
488 #0$12001#$aFast one$1700#1$aCain$bPaul

Standard subfields technique
311 ##$a Facsimile reprint of: 1st ed. Garden City, N.Y. : Doubleday, Doran, 1933
488 #0$tFast one$aCain, Paul

A facsimile reprint entitled Fast one: a novel has a note. Additionally, a link is made in the record of the reprint to the earlier work to create an author/title added entry for the original title Fast one. The earlier record is not in the database and the title and author are themselves entered in the field.

EX 2 Embedded fields technique
488 #0$150010$aBible$iO.T$iPsalms

Standard subfields technique
488 #0$tBible. O.T.Psalms

A uniform title access point from a source format which does not specify relationships to the same extent as UNIMARC.

EX 3 Embedded fields technique
311 ##$aDrawings executed between 1816 and 1825 are compared with the work of J.M.W. Turner in: George Filbert, his early work / Thomas Johnson. New York: Dow, 1965
488 #0$12001#$aGeorge Filbert, his early work$1210##$aNew York$cDow$d1965 $1700#1$aJohnson$bThomas

Standard subfields technique
311 ##$aDrawings executed between 1816 and 1825 are compared with the work of J.M.W. Turner in: George Filbert, his early work / Thomas Johnson. New York: Dow, 1965
488 #0$tGeorge Filbert, his early work$cNew York$d1965$aJohnson, Thomas

A reference to published research based on drawings described in the catalogue record and held by the institution.

EX 4 Embedded fields technique
200 1#$aUNIMARC manual bibliographic format
311 ##$aConcise version: UNIMARC concise bibliographic format. URLs: http://archive.ifla.org/VI/3/p1996-1/concise.htm and http://ifla.inist.fr/VI/3/p1996-1/concise.htm
488 #0$12001#$aUNIMARC concise bibliographic format$18564#$uhttp://archive.ifla.org/VI/3/p1996-1/concise.htm$18564#$uhttp://ifla.inist.fr/VI/3/p1996-1/concise.htm

Standard subfields technique
200 1#$aUNIMARC manual bibliographic format
311 ##$aConcise version: UNIMARC concise bibliographic format. URLs: http://archive.ifla.org/VI/3/p1996-1/concise.htm and http://ifla.inist.fr/VI/3/p1996-1/concise.htm
488 #0$tUNIMARC concise bibliographic format$uhttp://archive.ifla.org/VI/3/p1996-1/concise.htm$uhttp://ifla.inist.fr/VI/3/p1996-1/concise.htm

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