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Newsletter of the Section for Latin America and the CaribbeanN. 36, June 2000
The "Newsletter" is published twice a year in June and December by IFLA''s Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean. It is a major communication tool for IFLA members in the region. Please share your ideas and experiences by sending your contribution and suggestions to the Regional Office.
EditorialThe next IFLA General Conference, to be held in Jerusalem from August 13 to 18 of this year, will be very important for librarians from developing countries, once the new Federation statutes will be approved and a decision will be made regarding the destiny of Division VIII. We hope that the delegates from our region emphatically defend our proposals on these matters.
This year we had a meeting of the IFLA/LAC Standing Committee in San Juan, Puerto Rico during the Conference/Workshop on distance education that was held at the Graduate School of Librarianship of the University of Puerto Rico. In this Newsletter, our colleagues will find more detailed information about the meeting where, among other issues, the Division VIII matter received the bulk of the attention. We received a warm welcome from the professors and staff of the University of Puerto Rico, socialized with our Caribbean colleagues, and were pleased with the support that the IFLA/LAC Section and the Regional Office received, before and during the SC meeting, from the executive secretary of the Association of Caribbean University, Research and Institutional Libraries (ACURIL), Ms. Oneida Rivera de Ortiz. We wish, as well, to thank the President of the Librarian Society of Puerto Rico, Mr. Victor Torres, and the other members of that group, who assisted us in every way and made our stay quite pleasant in the wonderful city of San Juan.
Also in this bulletin, as we customarily do, we announce next year's IFLA General Conference, to be held in Boston, Massachusetts, in the United States. For Latin-American and Caribbean participants the conference will present a rare opportunity to make a strong showing, since it is easier to travel to North America than to other continents.
You will find here, as well, news about the ratification of UNESCO's School Library Manifesto and the complete text of the Manifesto, to which we wish to direct your attention. The Regional Office requests that everyone assist in the dissemination of this information. Please send copies to all authorities involved in culture and education in your respective countries or regions.
In addition, this bulletin contains three pieces of good news: that the Secretary General of IFLA, Mr. Ross Shimonn, was honoured with the title of Officer of the British Empire (OBE) by the Queen of England, that Rosa Maria Fernandez de Zamora was named Coordinator of Mexico's National Library, and that Clara Budnik was named Director of Libraries, Archives and Museums for Chile. To all three of you, on behalf of the IFLA/LAC Regional Office, we extend our warmest congratulations.
Finally, we note that the Brazilian Congress of Librarianship and Documentation, will be held in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, from 24 to 28 this year, and that Ms. Christine Deschamps, who will be visiting Brazil at that time, plans to attend.
IFLA and its Sections
Building a virtual libraryThere have been several past and current initiatives to create a virtual library. But the roads leading to Utopia often appear barren. Most national and university libraries have started to implement digitisation programmes. Every day they are publishing on the web more and more of the most significant pages of their cultural heritage. However, the more documents that are published, the more difficult it becomes to find relevant information.
Aware of these difficulties, UNESCO, within the framework of its "Memory of the World Programme", has contracted IFLA (the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions) to identify the major works of national, regional and global interest which have been digitised from originals first published on traditional carriers (manuscripts, printed works , photographs, etc*) After two years of survey and work based on the competency of two of its Core Programmes respectively hosted by the Bibliothèque Nationale de France and the British Library, IFLA has finally set up a unique directory of collections which offers searches based on key words, countries and dates. This directory, available on the UNESCO web site: http://www.unesco.org/webworld/mow/digicol enables the user to view existing collections and presents links to the holding institution where more detailed information, or the document itself, is provided.
UNESCO and IFLA will be updating this directory on a regular basis. It will be the beginning of a true virtual library resulting from the fruitful collaboration of the community of national and university libraries and hopefully of archives, and museums. ( Aziz Abid, UNESCO )
Cambridge University Press joins IFLA as Silver Corporate PartnerIFLA is very proud to announce that Cambridge University Press has joined IFLA as a Silver Corporate Partner. Cambridge University Press is the printing and publishing house of the University of Cambridge. It is an integral part of the University and is devoted constitutionally to printing and publishing for the acquisition, advancement, conservation, and dissemination of knowledge in all subjects. As such, it is a charitable, not-for-profit organisation, freed from tax worldwide. For centuries, the Press has extended the research and teaching activities of the University by making available through its printing and publishing a remarkable range of academic and educational books, journals, examination papers and Bibles. Today the Press is one of the largest academic and educational publishers in the world, publishing nearly 2,500 books and over 150 journals a year, which are sold to some 200 countries.
By joining IFLA, Cambridge University Press expresses its involvement and interest in the international library world. IFLA is very grateful for their support which will enable IFLA to continue the work that is done worldwide. In return Cambridge University Press can make use of the worldwide network of members that IFLA provides.
Cambridge University Press Claire Benton, Direct Customer Services The Edinburgh Building
IFLA Directory 2000-2001 Available now!IFLA is very pleased to present to you the new edition of the IFLA Directory. It contains in one place a listing of all the current Members, Affiliates and Corporate Partners of IFLA, together with the names and contact details of the members of the governing bodies and of all the professional units of IFLA. It also lists contact details for the staff of all the IFLA offices around the world, including our headquarters in The Hague and the Core Programmes and other core activities. In short, it is an invaluable reference tool for anyone involved in the international library and information community.
New features this year include:
IFLA Headquarters, Publications Department:
P.O. Box 95312
2509 CH The Hague
Tel: +31-70-3140884 Fax: +31-70-3834827
IFLA Membership Statistics
Overview of Membership per Section March 6, 200001 Section on National Libraries 177
02 Section on University 473
03 Section on Library and Research Services for Parliaments 10
04 Section on Government Libraries 89
05 Section on Social Science Libraries 85
06 Section on Geography and Map Libraries 50
07 Section on Science and Technology Libraries 109
08 Section on Public Libraries 296
09 Section on Libraries Serving Disadvantaged Persons 74
10 Section on Libraries for Children and Young Adult 114
11 Section on School Libraries and Resource Centers 95
12 Section on Bibliography 111
13 Section on Cataloguing 161
14 Section on Acquisition and Collection Development 152
15 Section on Document Delivery and Interlending 182
16 Section on Serial Publications 79
17 Section on Government Information and Official Publications 110
18 Section on Rare Books and Manuscripts 177
19 Section on Preservation and Conservation 138
20 Section on Library Buildings and Equipment 139
21 Section on Information Technology 426
22 Section on Statistics 69
23 Section on Education and Training 241
24 Section on Library Theory and Research 131
25 Section on Regional Activities: Africa 134
26 Section on Regional Activities: Asia & Oceania 316
27 Section on Regional Activities: Latin America and Caribbean 148
28 Section on Biological and Medical Sciences Libraries 71
29 Section on Classification and Indexing 103
30 Section on Art Libraries 95
31 Section on Libraries for the Blind 88
32 Section on Libraries Serving Multicultural Populations 69
33 Section on Reading 66
34 Section on Management and Marketing 122
35 Section on Audiovisual and Multimedia 30
IFLA's Secretary General HonouredRoss Shimmon, Secretary General of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) has received an honour in the British Prime Minister's New Year's honours list. He becomes an Officer of the British Empire (OBE) for services to librarianship and information provision. The Honours list is published twice a year, on New Year's Eve and on the Queen's Birthday. Those honoured are determined by the Prime Minister with the approval of the Queen. Ross Shimmon said he was 'astonished and delighted to receive the award'. He was particularly pleased of the recognition it gave to librarians and libraries in the UK.
He expects to receive the medal at Buckingham Palace later in the year.
Other recipients of awards in the New Year's honours list include actress Elizabeth Taylor and entertainer Julie Andrews, who both become Dames of the British Empire (DBE), author Doris Lessing who receives a Companion of Honour (CH) and Richard Branson who becomes a Knight. (IFLA HQ)
International Directory of Libraries for the Blind 4th EditionIFLA is very pleased to present to you the latest publication in the IFLA Publication Series. The fourth edition of the International Directory of Libraries for the Blind is printed from a database which is maintained by the Japanese Society for the Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities (JSRPD) on behalf of the IFLA Section of Libraries for the Blind. The most current information is available via Internet http://dserver.dinf.ne.jp:591/.
The original database was set up for the third edition of the International Directory of Libraries for the Blind published in 1990, and which was based on all the entries of the first and second editions. In addition to occasional updates, the contact address and telephone/fax information was updated in 1998 by referring to the online database of the Royal National Institute for the Blind.
The Directory is arranged alphabetically by countries. Within countries, individual organizations are also arranged alphabetically. Each organization has a unique entry number. An alphabetical list of 242 organizations in 78 countries and an index of 82 different languages follow the datasheets.
'Libraries for the blind are essential to the learning culture of every society and because learning and information are not limited by boundaries, it is important that libraries for the blind cooperate to support each other in making information accessible and available to those unable to read print. Blind people depend on libraries to collect, organize and make the information they need accessible to them. The 4th edition of the Directory of Libraries for the Blind, undertaken with the support of libraries for the blind from around the world, assembles information about the participating libraries and facilitates both communication and cooperation. It is a first step towards the vision of a world library of alternate format materials.' As Rosemary Kavanagh, Chair of the IFLA Section of Libraries for the Blind says.
"Libraries and Librarians: Making a Difference in the Knowledge Age" - 67th IFLA Council and General Conference - Boston, Massachusetts - August 16-25, 2001Invitation
The United States National Organizing Committee and the US library community take great pleasure in inviting you to the 67th IFLA Council and General Conference which will take place in historic Boston, Massachusetts, from August 16-25, 2001.
Theme - Libraries and Librarians: Making a Difference in the Knowledge AgeThe library exists as an idea and a symbol as well as a physical reality. Throughout history the mission of the library - to facilitate the free flow of information - remains unchanged although change is constantly occurring in the ways in which librarians fulfill the library's mission. Librarians, as knowledge workers, collect, transmit and preserve recorded messages. They organize and manage the storage, retrieval and use of information. They provide personal assistance in tailoring information services for people and institutions. Librarians analyze, evaluate and synthesize the information they collect to create new forms of knowledge. The technology changes, but the mission endures.
The power of technology supports sophisticated systems for connecting people to new forms of knowledge and creates linkages between the expanding physical and intellectual universes. By harnessing rapidly developing technology with a reaffirmation of the historical values and contributions of librarianship, the chaos and experimentation of the Information Age transforms into a new era of human development - the Knowledge Age.
Boston - America's Walking City
Just across the river Cambridge offers an exciting multicultural setting where visitors from around the world mingle in the shadow of two of the world's premier universities: Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Boston also serves as the gateway to picturesque New England. No wonder over one million international visitors come to Boston every year.
Excursions are being arranged to the splendid mansions of Newport, Rhode Island, the villages and beaches of Cape Cod, the pastoral Berkshire Hills of western Massachusetts, and the quaint rockbound seacoast towns north of Boston. You'll even be able to experience the excitement of a whale watch off the New England coast or contemplate nature at Thoreau's house on Walden Pond. Other possibilities include the Mystic Seaport in CT., the Stockbridge Village and Lexington and Concord, MA. , the White Mountains of New Hempshire or the Green Mountains of Vermont, the Isles of Shoals, and Strawbery Banke in Portsmouth, NH.
Itineraries will be offered for those wishing to extend their travels to New York City and Washington, D.C.
Invitation to Potential Hosts for the 73rd General Conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) in the Year 2007General introduction
IFLA, the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, is interested in receiving statements of interest for the hosting of its Council and General Conference in the year 2007. IFLA actively encourages its General Conference to move around the world, and statements of interest are not limited to certain regions of the world. The only groundrule that has been adopted is that IFLA seeks to meet in Western-Europe/North Americas (USA & Canada) at least once every three years.
Information about your Association's interest is sought through the enclosed questionnaire. Completed questionnaires will be accepted between 1 September 2001 and 1 November 2001. The first formal review of the completed questionnaires will be done by IFLA HQ staff. Bids that meet the formal criteria are forwarded to IFLA's Conference Planning Committee for review. In December this Committee will invite two/three sites to present a formal bidbook and propose a 4-day programme for a site visit by March 1, 2002.
The IFLA Executive Board (as advised by the Conference Planning Committee) will rank the bids based upon the bidbooks received. The first-ranking bid will be invited to offer a site visit for President/Member Conference Planning Committee and the Secretary General/Executive Officer in the period between May and August 2002.
With the announcement of the host city for 2007 during the 2002 IFLA Council and General Conference in Boston, the decision-making process will have been completed.
Each questionnaire must be submitted through an IFLA National Association Member in good standing. Statements sent in directly by Congress Centres of PCO's can unfortunately not be considered.
All bids must be sent to Mr Ross Shimmon, Secretary General, at IFLA Headquarters.
IFLA HQ staff will screen the bids received. It is crucial that the form is completed in full, clear and according to the instructions. Uncompleted or ambiguous forms will not be forwarded to the Conference Planning Committee of the IFLA Executive Board. In this first stage, complete bidbooks are not appreciated and will not be considered. Deadline: November 1, 2001
School Library Manifesto Ratified by UNESCOThe IFLA School Library Manifesto was ratified by the 30th UNESCO General Conference. This Manifesto argues that school library services are so vital that they should be provided equally to all members of the school community, regardless of age, race, gender, religion, nationality, language, professional or social status. Specific services and materials must be provided for those who are unable to use mainstream library services and materials.
"I am delighted by UNESCO's ratification of the Manifesto; this is a major step to ensure that the role of the school library in the new information environment is understood and agreed upon worldwide", said Ms Glenys Willars, Chair of IFLA's Section for School Libraries and Resource Centres, and member of IFLA's Professional Board.
The IFLA/UNESCO School Library Manifesto urges governments, through their ministries responsible for education, to develop strategies, policies and plans that implement the principles of this Manifesto. Plans should include the dissemination of the Manifesto to initial and continuing training programmes for librarians and teachers.
Effort will now be put in the promotion of the IFLA/UNESCO School Library Manifesto, including the translation and publication in as many languages as possible.
Additional information is available from:
IFLA/UNESCO School Library ManifestoThe school library provides information and ideas that are fundamental to functioning successfully in today's information and knowledge-based society. The school library equips students with life-long learning skills and develops the imagination, enabling them to live as responsible citizens.
The Mission of the School Library
The library staff support the use of books and other information sources, ranging from the fictional to the documentary, from print to electronic, both on-site and remote.
The materials complement and enrich textbooks, teaching materials and methodologies.
It has been demonstrated that, when librarians and teachers work together, students achieve higher levels of literacy, reading, learning, problem-solving and information and communication technology skills.
School library services must be provided equally to all members of the school community, regardless of age, race, gender, religion, nationality, language, professional or social status. Specific services and materials must be provided for those who are unable to use mainstream library services and materials.
Access to services and collections should be based on the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Freedoms, and should not be subject to any form of ideological, political or religious censorship, or to commercial pressures.
Funding legislation and networks
The school library is an essential partner in the local, regional and national library and information network. Where the school library shares facilities and/or resources with another type of library, such as a public library, the unique aims of the school library must be acknowledged and maintained.
Goals of the school library
The school library fulfils these functions by developing policies and services, selecting and acquiring resources, providing physical and intellectual access to appropriate sources of information, providing instructional facilities, and employing trained staff.
The role of school librarians will vary according to the budget and the curriculum and teaching methodology of the schools, within the national legal and financial framework. Within specific contexts, there are general areas of knowledge that are vital if school librarians are to develop and operate effective school library services: resource, library, and information management and teaching.
In an increasingly networked environment, school librarians must be competent in planning and teaching different information-handling skills to both teachers and students. Therefore they must continue their professional training and development.
Operation and Management
Implementing the Manifesto
IFLA / ALP
Guidelines for ALP Project ApplicationsProject applications can be made to the ALP Programme for support to librarians, library associations, library schools or others who want to develop co-operation, knowledge and services within the special programme areas of ALP.
Annual Procedure and Time Schedule for Project Handling
The Standing Committee Meeting at the University of Puerto RicoThe Standing Committee met at the headquarters of the College of Librarianship and Information Studies at the University of Puerto Rico on March 16, 17 and 18. Delegates from Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Martinique, St. Maarten and Venezuela were present, as well as Regional Office manager Elizabet de Carvalho, Committee president Jose Adolfo Rodríguez Gallardo, and ALP program representative Gunilla Natvig. The president reported to the group about the meeting that took place at The Hague, the requirement for an increased participation of the Section in the IFLA, and the IFLA president's interest in continuing with regional projects. The Regional Office Manager reported on her participation in the Latin-American Meeting on Reading held with the participation of the Culture Ministers of the region, where the opportunity was taken to analyze UNESCO's Public Libraries Manifesto. The RO manager also reported regarding Cristina Deschamps's interest in visiting libraries in Brazil.
The next topic for discussion was the Section program for the Conference to be held in Jerusalem in August. The Section theme chosen was "The Contributions of Latin America and the Caribbean to the Global Library." The following suggestions for paper and discussion topics for the program were also made: "The Global Library and Central American Identity" - Ana Lorena Echavarría and Alice Miranda, "The Preservation of the Past for the Future" - Clara Budnik and Rosa María Fernández, "Access to Information and the Global Library" - Roberto Servidio, and "Latin America's Contribution to Library Literature" - Salvador Gorbea. Plans were made for the activities of the Section at the next Conference to be held in Boston in 2001, and the theme adopted was "Latin America Advances into the Age of Knowledge." The following suggestions for paper and discussion topics were also submitted: "Research in Information Sciences: A Latin American Challenge to Build the Society of Knowledge" - Sueli do Amaral, "Grey Literature and its Contribution to the Society of Knowledge" - Elizabet de Carvalho, "A Center of Knowledge for Ethnic Indigenous Central Americans: a Proposal" - Alice Miranda, "The Promotion of Reading Among Children and Youths Incorporating Electronic Formats" - Gloria Rodríguez and María Elena Zapata, and "Designing a Paraprofessional Training Program Across Time and Space" - Marie-Francoise Bernabé, Blanca Hodge and Ana Cecilia Torres.
In considering the modifications to the IFLA Statute and the elimination of Division VIII, we reached the following agreements: that considering that 18% of the current members of the IFLA come from countries in developing regions and that one of the objectives of the IFLA is to increase its geographic representation, the proposal to eliminate Division VIII conflicts with that objective, and for that reason the Latin American and Caribbean Section takes the position that the strengthening of regional work is fundamental to the IFLA's becoming a stronger and more visible organization on a worldwide level; that it is necessary to strengthen the existing regional Sections and to facilitate the participation of professionals from those countries; that regional offices should receive all the support necessary to maintain the presence and visibility of the Federation in the region and serve as support for regional activities; that it is necessary to define formal and informal mechanisms for coordinating the three Regional Sections among themselves and with other specialized Professional Sections and to increase the active participation of the members from developing countries in the Professional Sections Standing Committees through information and telecommunication technologies; that the IFLA should support the activities and initiatives of the ALP in promoting library development in the region and assure the representation of the Regional Sections in its governmental bodies. It was agreed, as well, to support the proposals presented by the Standing Committee of the IFLA Section for Africa. The projects presented to the ALP were analyzed and evaluated, a report was presented on the "Feasibility study for the Recovery of Documents about Central-American Ethnic Groups." The report generated the following resolutions: that the study should be presented in lecture format at the 2001 Conference, that it should be incorporated into the Posters Section of the Conference, and that it should be published as an ALP/LAC report. Argentina reported on the work that has been done on the Conference that will take place in that country in 2004. At the end of the meeting, a heartfelt expression of gratitude was extended to the College administrators and staff whose cordiality and efficiency made the meeting a success.
Seminar-Workshop on Distance EducationTwenty representatives from fourteen countries in the Caribbean and Latin American region participated in the Distance Education Seminar/Workshop, organized and supported by IFLA/LAC (International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions-Latin America), ACURIL (Association of Caribbean University, Research and Institutional Libraries) and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science of the University of Puerto Rico (GSLIS/UPR). The event was held March 13-15, 2000 at the at the School's premises.
The idea of this Seminar/Workshop emerges from a previous seminar entitled "Tools for the library development", held in Martinique in 1997, where the need to strengthen collaborative ties in the region was identified, in order to support Distance Education for the working personnel in the different libraries and documentation centers.
Later on, IFLA-ALP(Advancement of Librarianship Programme/Programa de IFLA para el desarrollo de la Bibliotecologia) approved the project submitted by Mrs. Blanca Hodge (Saint Maarten) and Mrs. Marie-Francoise Bernabe (Martiniqued). ACURIL, presided by Prof. Stephney Ferguson (Jamaica), and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science of the University of Puerto Rico, under the directorship of Dr. Consuelo Figueras (Puerto Rico), supported the initiative.
The Seminar was initiated with the presentation of a survey, conducted by the School (in charge of Dr. Luisa Vigo-Cepeda, Dr. Consuelo Figueras, and Mr.. Fernando Medina, technician), as a previous step for the event, in order to identify areas of priority needs for the library personnel training, as well as to the technological infrastructure available in the region's libraries. The survey, geared to some 75 institutions representing different types of libraries and information units, generated a 33.3% response. These results were presented at the Seminar. The research findings pinpoint to the need for training, since an 80% of the library personnel does not have professional preparation. The survey instrument is being revised and simplified in order to be distributed among those institutions that did not reply previously.
Immediately, five colleagues presented state of the art reports in relation to the existing training available in five specific geographical areas: Patricia Callendar (Jamaica) for the northern and southern English Caribbean; Dulce Maria Nunez de Taveras (Dominican Republic), in terms of the Spanish-speaking area; Bea Bazile (Martinique) in regard to the French Caribbean; Ans Koolen (St. Maarten) about the Dutch Caribbean; and Hetty Stoute-Oni (Barbados) concerning Barbados and the OECS countries. The reports indicate that :
Taking into consideration that for the development of a Distance Education project one must have an adequate economic support, the following possibilities for financial support were analyzed : IFLA/ALP, IFLA, ACCT (Agency for the Cooperation in the Sciences and Technologies/Agence de Cooperation des Sciences et Technologies) in France and Canada, and UNESCO. It is emphasized that the regional character of this initiative can strengthen the project and can accelerate its aproval by the concerned agencies. A Special Commission was named to elaborate the Distance Education Project composed by Dr. Ana Cecilia Torres (Costa Rica), Marie-Francoise Bernabe (Martinique), Dulce Maria Nunez de Taveras (Republica Dominicana), Francoise Beaulieru-Thybulle (Haiti), Stephney Ferguson (Jamaica), and Dr. Luisa Vigo (Puerto Rico).
A complete presentation of the Distance Education panorama followed, identifying administrative, technical and infrastructure implications. It was clear to all that Distance Education is above all education, and that in no moment should be considered a second class education. The challenge to integrate technologies to Distance Education was analyzed, emphasizing the importance to share a vision as the only way to guarantee the resources and personnel availability. For a Distance Education project, with a technological platform, strategic alliances are essential, with close team work, combining the technical, design and content parts. Finally, it was understood that any Distance Education project must respond to the identified needs of the region and should ensure interactivity and a strong and effective coordination.
In the second work session, two Distance Education technological platforms were presented : Blackboard (by Dr. Jose Sanchez-Lugo) and Learning Space (by Dr. Eliut Flores), and its possibilities were analyzed, identifying advantages as well as limitations in each case. Blackboard is a platform developed only for education, while Learning Space is part of a management program for CIOs, that has e-mail and other elements integrated.
In the analysis of the selection of the program, the following criteria must be considered:
This part led to the presentation and analysis of each one of the modules developed by the GSLIS/UPR. It was pinpointed that the modules have been designed for the master's program and not for paraprofessional personnel, and in this respect input from the group was needed to adapt the content to the needs of paraprofessionals in the region. Participating faculty were: Dr. Mariano Maura-Sardo (Introduction), Dr. Luisa Vigo-Cepeda (Organization of Information) ,Dr. Susan Jane Freiband (Collection Development), Dr. Jorge Encarnacion (Services), Dr. Luisa Vigo-Cepeda (Administration) and Dr. Betsaida Velez (Networks), with the assistance of Dr. Eliut Flores, using the Learning Space platform, and Dr. Jose Sanchez-Lugo, using the Blackboard platform.
In order to define who could be identified as paraprofessional, it was determined to take three elements into consideration: level of education, years of experience, and the area in which the persons work in at the library. The group decided that paraprofessionals must have as a minimum, 9 years of school, and one year of experience in library work, be it in technical or service areas. Each country can define other requirements according with their specific circumstances.
From the major discussions, it was considered that the program must include the conceptual framework and the study of information as an essential factor for its development. In so doing, students will have elements for the analysis, reflection and understanding of the importance of his/her work at the library, considering the information unit as an integral part of the information society
The role of the paraprofessional in the different activities of information was discussed; that is, where he/she must have an active part, and where he/she must have a passive role of understanding of the diverse matters.
Resolutions and Recommendations
At the end of the Seminar/Workshop, members of the group agreed that :
At the end of the Seminar/Workshop the group agreed:
List of IFLA/LAC SC MembersAlice Miranda
Universidad Nacional - Escuela de Bibliotecología
Heredia - Costa Rica
Tel. 506 277-3433
Fax 506 277-3432
Ana Cecília Torres
Guadalupe - San José - Costa Rica
Tel. Office 506 207-3514
Tel. Home 506 236-8870
Fax 506 207-3445
Blanca Hodges (Advisor)
St. Maarten - Netherlands Antilles
Pho. 599 5 462-2970 Fax 599 5 462-5805
Alonso Ovalle, 1637
Santiago - Chile
Pho. 56 2 698-6406 / 698-6039 / 360-5239
Fax. 56 2 688-2060
Elizabet Maria Ramos de Carvalho
Av. Aquarela do Brasil, 333 /BL.1 / Ap. 303 São Conrado
Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Pho. 55 21 322-5330 Fax. 55 21 322-5733
Edif. C y D Piso 4
Mexico 04510 DF - Mexico
Pho. 52 5 622-6510
Fax. 52 5 606-9119 / 550-7461
Gloria Maria Rodriguez Santamaria
Calle 51, no. 45-37
Medellín - Colombia
Pho. 574 512-1902 / 512-5338 (home) Fax. 574 512-3949
Rua da Mooca, 1921
São Paulo 03103-902 SP - Brazil
José Adolfo Rodriguez Gallardo
Universidad Nacional Autonoma de México (UNAM)
Pho. 52 5 622-1632 / 622-1603
Fax. 52 5 616-0664
Loly Hernandez D´Elia
Av. Luis Roche-Altamira Sur
Caracas 1010A - Venezuela
Pho. 286-1566 / 263-8443 Fax. 216-3821
Maria Elena Zapata
Marie Françoise Bernabé
BP 7210 - 97275 Schoelcher - Martinique
Pho. 596 727530
Fax. 596 727527
May Brooking Negrão (Advisor)
Stella Maris Fernández
Rivadavia 6003 - 4o. 27
Buenos Aires 1406 Argentina
Pho./Fax 54 1 4431-3868
Sueli Angélica do Amaral
SQN 211, Bloco J, Ap. 105
Brasília 70863-100 DF - Brazil
Pho. 55 61 347-0806
IFLA/UBCIM Publication on Choice's 36th Annual list of Outstanding Academic TitlesIFLA is proud to announce that the following UBCIM Publication has been selected for Choice's Outstanding Academic Titles list: "An Annotated Guide to Current National Bibliographies", Barbara L. Bell (2nd completely revised edition), 487 p. ISBN 3-598-11376-5
'Carefully selected from among the new publications reviewed in Choice during the preceding 12 months, Outstanding Academic Titles are truly the 'best of the best.' This year's approximately 600 titles are no exception. Each is an outstanding example of distinguished scholarship, fully deserving of inclusion in this highly prestigious list representing fewer than 10 percent of the titles selected for review in Choice and fewer than 3 percent of all titles submitted to Choice.' (Irving E. Rockwood Editor & Publisher)
'A current national bibliography is a mirror that reflects the culture of a country. By looking at the current national bibliography one is able to learn about the uniqueness of a country. The emphasis on agriculture and technology, the make-up of its society through its various language publications, particular customs and ceremonies important in the life of the nation, the importance- of education, literature, and science, prominent literary authors of the time and political, social and religious trends within a country are all discernible. A current national bibliography should reflect the interests and unique characteristics of a country much as a mirror reflects the uniqueness of an individual.' (Barbara L. Bell - Author )
The first edition dates from 1986 and since that time many changes have taken place in the world, both technically and geo-politically. The methodology for the first edition was to locate and examine the national bibliographies and analytically describe these titles. The second edition includes additional information (such as OCLC numbers, automation, formats etc.); updated information (e.g., new legal deposit laws, new enhancements in the national bibliography); the addition of new countries; and future plans within a country's bibliographic world.
This publication can be ordered from:
Tel: +49-89-7-69 02 232 Fax: +49-89-7-69 02 150/250
The price of the publication is DM 168.
The purpose of the Universal Bibliographic Control and International MARC Core Programme (UBCIM) is to coordinate activities aimed at the development of systems and standards for bibliographic control at the national level and the international exchange of bibliographic data. This includes the support for professional activities of appropriate IFLA Sections and Divisions, maintenance of bibliographic and format standards, and acting as clearinghouse for information on all IFLA endeavours in these fields.
UBCIM promotes the UNIMARC format and coordinates its development and maintenance by a group of experts, the Permanent UNIMARC Committee. Occasionally seminars are organized for training and dissemination purposes. Furthermore, the Programme ensures publication of projects related to international bibliographic and format standards and proceedings of relevant meetings and seminars. (IFLA HQ)
News from IFLA Affiliates and Members in the Region
5th National Journey of LibrariansThe 5th National Journey of Librarians will be hosted on October 12, 13, and 14 of this year by ABADAM (Association of Librarians, Document Specialists, Archivists and Museum Specialists), the University of Mar del Plata's Documentation Department (Province of Buenos Aires), and by the University's Central Library.
4th Regional Conference of Librarians-RosarioA conference organized by the Professional Librarians Associations of Rosario shall be held on September 15, 16 and 17 at the Rosario College of Liberal Arts and Humanities.
The general topic for discussion shall be: "The Professional Librarian, the Ethics and the New User."
Homage to Dr. Aurelio TanodiThe Latin-American Association of Archives (ALA), regional branch of the International Council of Archives, has declared Dr. Aurelio Tanodi, now 86, to be an honorary member of the Association. Mr. Tanodi was born in Hum, Zagreb (Yugoslavia), graduated from the University of Zagreb, and, upon his arrival in Argentina, founded the Archives School that was selected as the Center of Development of Archives under the auspices of OEA. He later served as director of the Inter-American Bulletin of Archives. He has published books, monographs and a series of articles in Yugoslavia - in Croatian, Spanish , Latin and German.
He was the driving force in Argentina behind the formation of professional associations in every province, a lifetime work that culminated with the constitution of the Archivists Federation of the Republic of Argentina (FARA).
Creation of a new Association, ABADAMThe Association of Librarians, Document Specialists, Archivists and Museum Specialists, ABADAM, a not-for-profit organization with headquarters at Almirante Brown 1442, 2º piso Dto. 1º.C., 7600 Mar del Plata, Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, was founded in February of 1999.
New Publications"Infodiversidad" 2nd volume. 231 pages. The Society of Research Librarians has published the 2nd issue of its magazine, "Infodiversidad."
The magazine contains the following sections: Articles; News Reports with interesting information related to librarianship, archives, museums and information sciences; Events; Conferences; etc. Its writers delve into each topic and attempt to cover areas of interest to professionals in librarianship. The hope is that it serves as a catalyst for new ideas in the profession as well as provide high-quality book and book fair reviews. Also, the magazine reproduces compilations, in booklet form, of the papers presented at the 65th IFLA Conference in Bangkok, offering copies from the Latin-American Regional Office to anyone interested in obtaining one.
The School Library, Resource Learning Center, by Stella Maris Fernández, 99 pages. This is an update of the earlier edition published by Argentina's Culture and Education Ministry in 1980. The work presents the new role that over time has been attributed to the School Library in the wake of UNESCOE's School Library Manifesto. Its aim is to assist those who are not professional librarians but who direct school libraries.
XIX Brazilian CongressTheme: Information for Citizenship
* Special Participation : Mme. Christine Deschamps - President of IFLACourses
Competitive Intelligence and Information Sources for IC
Information and Education for Development: seeds for peace
The Complete Human Being and Information in the Organizations
Internet for Law Specialists
"Generator theme": a proposal for fundamental and high school libraries to become dynamics
Fold and Unfold: telling thousands of stories
Techniques for Electronic Periodics Publishing in the Internet
Employement of New Technologies in the Public Libraries
Projects Development and Resources Acquisition
Libraries: becoming dynamics
Users of Prodasen
Associação Rio-Grandense de Bihliotecários - ARB
Bahia opens new librariesIn the state of Bahia, Brazil, the program "Library for All" will open libraries in 33 municipalities and will offer access to an additional 23 libraries with limited access to the public or no access at all. In addition, the program will provide for improvements of conditions in libraries in 44 other municipalities.
The project, spearheaded by the Culture and Tourism Department of Bahia, developed by the Public Libraries System and leaded by Maria da Conceição Gama Santos, includes among its objectives the intellectual development of the citizenry and the motivation of new readers as a basic condition of citizenship.
The targeted municipalities, among the poorest in Bahia, will receive the new materials and open the new libraries by the middle of this year. The project is introduced by the State in partnership with each municipality. It is the responsibility of the municipality to provide space for the library. The State shall supply the other infrastructure, such as equipment, books and materials for use in training people.
Librarianship and Information Studies Masters Program - University of Costa Rica - College of Education - School of Librarianship and Information Studies
The College of Librarianship and Information Studies faces one of the most important challenges of its short academic history. Plans for the immediate future will not only strengthen its programs but will also make a contribution of significant value to the country. Our objective here is to highlight the key role that the University of Costa Rica has played in the development of the country.
The goal of the masters program is to produce qualified, dedicated professionals with a high awareness that information systems, communications networks and competitive information units are tools for accessing information and bringing the decision-making process closer to the reality of the country.
2. General ObjectivesTo create through higher education:
3. Admission to the ProgramIndividuals interested in entering the Librarianship and Information Studies Masters Program must fulfill the following prerequisites of the Postgraduate Studies System (SEP) and of the College of Library Science and Information Studies:
Postgraduation Studies System (SEP)
Each candidate must:
4. Branches of SpecializationTwo branches of specialization will be offered in the masters program, one focused on an academic model and the other on a professional model. The academic model is oriented toward research. The professional model offers two approaches, one in Information Management and the other in Computer Science and Technology. The duration of the program is four semesters or study cycles, the equivalent of two years of study. The student must enroll in all of the courses in each study cycle block, since this is a first-time offering that will not be repeated until the end of the first entire study cycle. Further classes will not be admitted until the end of the first study cycle. For this first entering class, there will be 10 openings for the academic specialization and 15 openings for each of the professional specializations, for a total of 40 openings.
The New Director of Libraries, Archives and Museums (Dibam) in ChileMs. Clara Budnik Sinay, former Assistant Director of Librarianship for the principal state institution in charge of the cultural property in Chile, was named on March 11 to the position of Director of Libraries, Archives and Museums for that institution. Ms. Budnik replaced Ms. Marta Cruz-Coke as Director of Dibam (Office of Libraries, Archives and Museums), Ms. Budnik also assumed the post of Executive Vice-President of the Council of National Monuments.
Ms. Budnik, degreed in the field of librarianship, has more than 30 years of experience working in the cultural field in Chile, Venezuela and Spain, specifically in the area of librarianship. She is a current member of the IFLA (International Federation of Library Associations), and she serves on the IFLA Standing Committees of Public Libraries and of the Section for Latin-America and the Caribbean (IFLA LAC), as well as on the IFLA Committee for Free Access to Information and Freedom of Expression (FAIFE). She is an international consultant for the Public Libraries' Ibero-American Forum, and has actively worked toward the development of libraries throughout Latin-America. In Chile, she served as director of the Public Library system from 1993. In 1998, she also assumed the Assistant-Directorship of the National Library. All of the above-cited institutions have ties to Dibam. She has been a member of the National Book Council since 1994.
Gonzalo Catalán, former chief of the Automation and Conservation Project for the Medina Room of the National Library, was named to the position of Assistant-Director of that institution. The Medina Room collection is recognized as one of the most important Ibero-American colonial collections of its type in the world. It boasts a valuable body of first-edition printings from the region.
María Victoria Peni was named to the post of Assistant Director of Public Libraries. Ms. Peni formerly worked as Pu-blic Libraries Regional Coordinator of Regions X and XI in Chile. During her administration, the Coyhaique Regional Library, in Region XI, was included among UNESCO's public library net models (UNET).
Dictionary of Latin-American Librarians and Related Specialists: An ApproachEstela Morales Campos's book, "Educación Bibliotecológica en México" (Librarianship Education in Mexico), was published by UNAM in 1987. Ms. Campos bases her conclusions, in part, on investigation into the backgrounds of distinguished personalities in the librarianship field, and she discusses the effects that those individuals have had, in one way or another, on the field of librarianship in Mexico during the XX Century. With this work, a valuable oral history was documented, and Estela Morales used that information some time later to write "Authors" (1987-1997) for the magazine "Investigación Bibliotecológica: Archivomomía, Biblioteconomía e Información" (Librarianship Research: Archives, Librarianship and Information Sciences), published biannually by the University Center for Librarianship Research at UNAM. The inclusion of the Latin-American authors enriched the section, with their works contributing to the development of library and information sciences not only in Mexico but also in the region. Thus, the "Dictionary of Latin-American Librarians and Related Specialists: An Approach" consists of information published in the referred-to section, with additions and addenda, and also marks the beginning of a major research effort. For each author, the work covers such diverse descriptive terms as "teaching, administrative-academic activities, academic preparation, publications, etc." In addition, there are three table of contents-a list of names, a list of geographic locations, and a list of to-pics.
Rules used by library and information services in Latin America and the CaribbeanThe rules book, presently in its second edition, presents a broad spectrum of bibliographic rules used in Latin America and the Caribbean. The focus is upon the rules most used in the region and, at the same time, upon rules that are directly tied to different facets of the library activity; to school, public, university and specialized libraries; to librarianship education, library buildings, cataloging, etc. The text includes rules created in other regions of the world that have been adopted in Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as the rules, if they exist at all, of each country in the region. The information was compiled from diverse specialized databases, and from data sent to the authors by IFLA/LAC members. The leaflet has, apart from the bibliographic files which are numbered and in alphabetic order, an appendix containing the Brazilian rules about documentation and a table of subjects. The authors are Estela Morales Campos, a Standing Committee Member of IFLA/LAC, and Homero Quezada, a professor at CUIB/UNAM.
Latin America in Mexican editorials. Bibliographic compendiumAt the outset, the information contained on this CD-Rom was an appendix to the chapter "Editorial programs and Sources of Latin-America Coverage", which in turn formed part of the research for "Mexico: tradition and impact on the contemporary production of information sources about Latin-America". In the cited piece, the author covers a major portion of the XX Century (1921-1996) and focuses on five of the most prestigious Mexican editorial enterprises: The Department of Public Education, the Economic Culture Fund, XXI Century Editors, The Colegio de México and the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). UNAM'S Center for Coordination and Dissemination of Latin American Studies (CCDEL), upon observing that this was a novel research project (mostly because Latin-American study departments had not yet considered editorial catalogs to be objects of study and because the reviewed collections had as a common thread the most vivid and current continental thought in literature, philosophy, history and other areas of study) decided to take advantage of the new technological resources and bring to light this useful electronic format.
Designation of Rosa María Fernández de Zamora as Mexico's National Library CoordinatorRosa María Fernández de Zamora, special advisor to the IFLA/LAC Standing Committee and a member of the FAIFE Committee, was designated Mexico's National Library Coordinator on March 16, 2000. She will direct the Current Collection (which includes a photo section, map section, sound section, a section serving the blind, and other sections) and the Reserve Fund (where the finest collection of books, files and ancient documents in the country is maintained).
Ms. Rosa María Fernández de Zamora, teacher, is also a researcher for the University Library Research Center at UNAM and through official publications has distinguished herself among corporate authors in Mexico and in the national bi-bliography.
José Adolfo Rodríguez Gallardo, IFLA/LAC president, ends his term as Director of the Central Office of Libraries at UNAMAfter fifteen years as General Director of UNAM Libraries, Jose Adolfo Rodríguez Gallardo, the current president of IFLA/LAC, ended his term in March of this year and returned to his research activities at the UniversityLibrarianship Research Center of the same institution.
Doctor Rodríguez Gallardo occupies a prominent place in Mexico because of his involvement in the modernization of library services at UNAM, and because of his support for Mexican library science education through his work in schools, associations and library systems.
INTERFACES: International Forum on the Digital Library to be held in ColimaThe University of Colima, through its General Office of Services and Information Technology, is pleased to invite you to the International Forum on the Digital Library that will be held on November 22, 23, and 24, on the university grounds.
The fundamental premise of INTERFACES is the Libraries Automation Conference, which had is origin in 1984 at the university.
The intention for the year 2000 is to transform the Colloquy concept into something new according to parameters established by the knowledge community. Information management in the outset of the XXI century will require an atmos- phere of open dialog among professionals, not only among librarians, but also among telecommunications experts, software developers, creators of multimedia educational mate-rials, digital edition service providers and information service providers. The traditional library concept is experien-cing dynamic changes, which has allowed for the storage, systematization, recuperation and dissemination of scientific, academic and technical information in all areas of knowled- ge.
Interfaces will, above all, be a multi-disciplinary converging point for the digital library, where the main objective will be to create a Latin American meeting place appropriate for reflection about the digital library, its construction, metho-dologies, technology, contents and services, as well as its impact on education, society, culture, science and technology.
Individuals may participate in the Forum in a variety of ways:
Enrollment fee (consultations are free):
For further information, visit the web page: http://www.ucol.mx/interfaces
Or send an e-mail message to email@example.com
You can face better your day using creativityFor many people the Banco del Libro is the place where the best children books are evaluated and promoted. For others, being graduating, post graduating student or literature expert, the Docuemntaction Center is the best place to attend their needs of information.. For parents of babies and school children is the place where, every Saturday, they can share and enjoy the "One, two, three, this Saturday is" and the "Story Hour" , and it is as well the ideal space for children to take part in the "Reading Adventure" while in vacation. Many parents and teachers attend also the qualifying workshops, use the exchange text books service and enjoy the advantages of being partners of the story and novel clubs.
This not-for-profit organization, that promotes the reading habit, struggles to strengthen the Banco del Libro external action directed toward teachers, librarians and the formation and updating of popular communities members, as well as diferent new projects designed to give answers to social process.
In the frame of this mission, with the purpose of give answers to the needs that emerge from the social dynamics, an important joint project was accomplished - through an agreement with the Red de Bibliotecas Públicas del Estado Amazonas - supported by UNICEF: a significant number of workshops directed to the formation and updating of teachers and librarians that work at the rural and indigenous state communitties, most of them located alongside the Orinoco river or its affluents.
Also this year, the Banco del Libro developed an important project to attend the damaged children in the December tragedy. The activities of reading promotion and animation, developed by volunteers and friends, experts in these subjects, were very appreciated not only by the children but also by their parents and representatives.
The design and accomplishment of other projects, workshops and activities, together with the permanent analysis of the reality, has driven the professional team of the Banco del Libro to ask themselves a number of questions related to book and reading promotion, and the appropriate and necessary strategies to extend these actions to an increased number of persons, mainly the people that have difficulties to access education and cultural services. The most important thing is, perhaps, that the Banco del Libro has extended its innovative action for the external world. (En El Banco del Libro - mayo 2000)
New trends in books for children and teenagersThe Banco del Libro, pioneer institution in reading encouragement and in emphasizing the importance of children books, invites Latin American and Caribbean children and teenagers books illustrators, to participate of the exhibition UTOPIA at the 27 World Congress of IBBY.
The purpose of this exhibition is to promote and to exhibit for the world the work of illustration done in Latin America and the Caribbean.
The congress will be held at Cartagena de Índias, Colombia, September, 18-22, 2000.
As Section of IBBY in Venezuela, the Banco del Libro is promoting the participation of teachers, authors, illustrators and publishers, in order to have a very representative Venezuelan team.
This event is essential to show the children and teenager literary production. It is a unique opportunity for professionals to obtain information on the children and teenager book problematic as well as on the region editorial production. The IBBY besides to favor the access of children to books of great literary and artistic quality, supports people that work in the area of children books.
IBBY is a not-for-profit organization, founded in Zurich, Swiss, 1953, to gather people from all over the world compromised with the idea of "propitiate the meeting of children and books with quality". Nowadays it has 64 member countries as national sections..
Biannually it is organized a world congress. Publishers, writers and illustrators from all over the world are invited to the congress, where they can take part in workshops and seminars on writing, illustrating, productiion and distribuction of books for children. This year the congress will be held at Cartagena de Índias, Colombia.
General News of Interest to the Region
IFLA president will visit BrazilFrom September 24 to 30 of this year, Ms. Christine Deschamps, President of IFLA, will attend an event in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, as a guest of the President of the XIX Brazilian Congress of Librarianship and Documentation.
The IFLA President confirmed her intention to attend the closing ceremonies on September 28, 2000.
After the close of the Congress, Ms. Deschamps will visit São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.
Clearinghouse - Publications Received / Publications RecebidasTHE CLEARINGHOUSE MAINTAINS SETS OF CONFERENCE PAPERS AND OTHER IFLA PUBLICATIONS. ALL PAPERS LISTED BELOW ARE AVAIALABLE FOR COPIES AT THE REGIONAL OFFICE CLEARINGHOUSE. PLEASE NOTE THE NEWS BELOW EACH REFERENCE, THEY MIGHT INTEREST YOU / TODOS LOS TRABAJOS DE LAS CONFERENCIAS Y OTRAS PUBLICACIONES DE IFLA ESTAN EN DISPONIBILIDAD PARA COPIAS Y CONSUL- TAS. POR FAVOR, PRESTE ATENCIÓN A LAS NOTICIAS BAJO LAS CITAS, ELLAS PUEDEN SER DE SU GRAN INTERÉS.
IFLANonprofit International Organization, promoting libraries and librarians in the world since 1927 IFLA with headquarters in Hague/Holland is structured with worldwide representatives. IFLA structure consists of Executive Board, Professional Board with 8 Divisions, 34 Sections and 17 clearinghouses for the world, being one for LAC, with headquarters in São Paulo/Brazil.
IFLA has 5 Core Programmes:
JOIN USStay up-to-date; Share your ideas with professionals from several parts of the world; Join in one or more professional groups that actuate in the same field of your library; Take part in IFLA's events; Receive our publications, take advantage of our data sources; Avail of our Clearinghouse, at our headquarters, together with Regional Office, in São Paulo/Brazil, free of charge.
RECEIVE MUCH MORE BECOMING A MEMBER OF IFLA ADVANTAGES OFFEREDD
ACTIVITIES OF LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN SECTION
The Section maintains a close relationship of mutual support and exchange with all professional groups of IFLA, acting as intermediaries for those groups when they develop activities and projects for the Region.
|Latest Revision: August 24, 2000||
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